Read More. Lifespan (in wild): Weight: 500kg -2,500kg Covers physiology, threats, habitat and much more. Another fact is that over 7,100 African rhinos have been killed in the last 10 years for the rhino horn. While lions occasionally kill young rhinos, adult rhinos cause each other the most harm! It stands 1.5 meters (5 feet) high at the shoulder and is 3.5 meters (11.5 feet) long. Read on and enjoy a variety of interesting information about rhinoceros. Fun Fact. In addition to their fantastic defensive traits, they have a number of small, unique, adaptations to aid in everyday life. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. Both the black and white Rhino get their color from the mud where they wallow from. Black rhinos are smaller and lighter than their white rhino counterparts. The black rhino is smaller than the white rhino, although adults can still reach 1.5 metres in height and weigh in at 1.4 tonnes. The black rhino is a fascinating mammal found at Kariega Game Reserve in the malaria-free Eastern Cape region of South Africa. Today, there are five different kinds of Rhino. Black rhino (Diceros bicornis) Intensive anti-poaching efforts have had encouraging results since 1993, and the population now numbers around 5,630 in the wild. Black rhino females are known to be careful and protective mothers. Black rhinos are browsers that use their hooked lip to pluck at bushes and branches for food. Scientists have identified eight distinct regional subspecies of black rhino. Learn all about one of our planet’s coolest creatures with our ten top rhino facts! Check facts about black mambas here. The species is distinguished from the white rhino by a prehensile upper lip (hence the alternative name of hook-lipped rhino), which it uses to feed on twigs of woody plants and a variety of herbaceous plants. The front horn is larger and may reach 140 cm (55 in) in length, although it's usually 50 cm (20 in) long. A black rhino carcass with the horn hacked off. The population, which declined by 96% between 1970 and 1992, is critically endangered and at risk from illegal poaching. Horn-tastic! Populations of black rhino have been decimated over recent years. The name rhinoceros means ‘nose horn’ and is often shortened to rhino. Rhinos can't see well, so they sometimes charge objects like trees and rocks, mistaking them as threats. Black rhinos have an excellent sense of smell and can sniff out predators and other rhinos by their scent trail . Read these eye-opening facts about rhinoceros and find out! (Image credit: Lowveld Trust.) The African rhinoceros are the living remnants of an ancient, diverse group of ungulates that roamed the grasslands and open savannah of Eurasia and North America for millions of years. Fast rhino facts! They have a particular liking for acacias. Almost 8,000 species of fish, amphibian, reptile, mammal and bird are officially categorised as globally threatened, and over 9,600 tree species are in danger of extinction. Dec 17, 2014 - Explore Save the Rhino International's board "Black Rhino Facts", followed by 813 people on Pinterest. Rhinos sometimes fight with each other. The white rhino, by contrast, has a square mouth, which it uses for grazing. Facts about Black Rhinos 8: the function of the horn. The longest horns ever found on black rhinos have the length around 4.9 feet or 1.5 inches. There are five species of Rhinoceroses—Ceratotherium simum, Diceros bicornis, Rhinoceros unicornis, R. sondaicos, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis—and for the most part, they live in widely separated ranges. Between 1960 and 1995, black rhino numbers dropped by a sobering 98%, to less than 2,500. black rhinoceros covered with mud. the black rhino. Fun Fact. Black rhino males maintain a territory of between 3.9-4.7km2. Countries where Black Rhino live: Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Malawi Fun facts. It is differentiated from the white Rhino by its size, shape, the temperaments as well as diet. Sumatran tiger. The teaching resource can be used in study group tasks for discussion about the black rhino and wildlife conservation of endangered species. Black rhino males weigh about 1,500 – 2,500 kilograms, females about nine hundred kilograms. These animals can be found in Africa and Asia. The Black Rhino (Diceros bicornis) a.k.a Hook-lipped rhinoceros is the smaller of the two species, with a weight of between 700-1400 kg. September 22 nd is the World Rhino Day, a day to celebrate rhinos around the world and to raise awareness about the threats these magnificent creatures continue to face in the wild. White rhino: Near threatened. WWF: Black Rhino Info Extensive information by the World Wildlife Fund on the Black Rhino. White Rhino - Ceratotherium simum. There are 5 species of rhinos and all of them are endangered because of the excessive hunting. Black Rhinos, also known as Hook-lipped Rhinos are actually grey in colour. Rhinoceros (or shortly - rhino) is the second largest land mammal (elephant is the largest). While their name implies different coloration, the black rhino is actually a gray or brown. Visit us today. Can you mention the function of the black rhinos’ horn? This article includes some interesting black rhino facts for kids (and adults) collected from some of our knowledgable and experienced safari field guides. These large mammals are amazingly well adapted for survival. It is one of the two species of Rhinos native to Africa. Populations of black rhino declined dramatically in the 20 th century at the hands of European hunters and settlers. But rhinos have keen senses of smell and hearing. The White Rhinoceros is a herbivorous grazer belonging to the order of the Perissodactyla and is the second most massive remaining land animal in the world. Adult white rhinos have no natural predators, but juveniles may be taken by lions, hyenas and crocodiles. [6] Many of the remaining African rhinos live in guarded sanctuaries to protect them from hunters. A black rhino’s skin can be up to 5cm thick. Here are five interesting facts about the black Rhinos. These are the Black rhinoceros and the white rhinoceros, both of which live in Africa. 5 Fascinating Facts About the Black Rhino. Normally in an area there is a dominant male and then younger males who are submissive to these older males. Conservation Species on the brink. Interesting Facts About the Black Rhino. Black rhinoceroses have a sort of attack-first-and-ask-questions-later attitude. An adult black rhinoceros stands 1.50–1.75 m (59–69 in) high at the shoulder and is 3.5–3.9 m (11–13 ft) in length. Here are 20 interesting facts about rhinos – … 30 species existed millions of years ago but today there are only 5 species - 2 African and 3 Asian. Indian rhino: Vulnerable. Interesting Rhino Facts 1. The third largest of all rhino species, the black rhino can be 5 1/2 feet at the shoulder, 12 1/5 feet long and over 3,000 pounds. Females maintain a 5.8-7.7km2 territory where they live alone or with their last calf.. Reproduction. Uncover more facts about rhinos and learn about our work to tackle illegal wildlife trade on the ground where it matters. Save the Rhino International works to conserve all five rhino species, by supporting rhino conservation programmes across Africa and Asia. The black rhino can live in several habitats, including wooded grasslands, savannahs and even desserts in Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa. [6] Indian rhinos are also called "greater one-horned rhinoceroses." By most counts, there are less than 30,000 rhinoceroses alive today, a steep plunge in population for a mammal that has existed on the earth, in one form or another, for 50 million years. The black rhino is “critically endangered” with only around 5,000 remaining in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, and Kenya. Rhinoceros Facts. Their skin coloration is largely based on the soil types near where the rhinos wallow in the mud. Black rhino. White rhino are classified as ”‘near threatened”. During the 1970s and 1980s more than 85% of the world's rhino population was killed, bringing this unique animal to the edge of extinction. Check out our range of fun rhinoceros facts for kids. Ancestors of today’s rhinos roamed the Earth 50 million years ago. It is a low level browser preferring leaves, twigs, and branches typically favoring the edges of thickets and savannas with areas of short woody regrowth and numerous shrubs and herbs. On the other hand, the Northern White is considered critically endangered with just two captive females known to exist. When a rhino catches the scent of a human or anything else unfamiliar, it is likely to charge. See more ideas about Rhino facts, Rhino, Rhinoceros. Mountain gorilla. When moving together with their young, they always walk in front of their calves. Since then, the species has made a tremendous comeback from the brink of extinction. Conservation Illegal wildlife trade. Amazing Facts About the Black Rhinoceros. The White Rhinoceros is the most abundant rhino subspecies in the world. Far more shy, secretive and aggressive than the white rhino, the black rhino can be more difficult to track and spot. The rhinoceros horn is made up of keratin - the same structural protein that makes up our hairs and nails. Poachers are killing rhinos because of their horns. Please add your questions as a comment below and we will happily provide you with a detailed answer. The black rhino is a browser and is often found in thick bush. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. The black rhino population in Africa is down 97.6% since 1960 due to over-hunting and horn poaching. The native Tswanan name keitloa describes a South African variation of the black rhino in which the posterior horn is equal to or longer than the anterior horn. Through the facts and information provided, children will also learn about black rhino biology, habitat and behaviour. Learn about the different species of rhinoceros, their thick skin, horns, weight and much more. The rhinoceros has been on our planet for 60 million years. African rhinoceros in general exhibit 2 horns, consisting of keratin. Numbers of Black rhino dropped by a staggering 96% between 1970 and 1995 but thanks to concerted rhino conservation efforts, their numbers are now rising. There happen to be two subspecies of this rhino – the Southern White and the Northern White and the Southern species had a recorded population in 2013 of well over 20,000. African elephant. Three sub-species are found throughout eastern and southern Africa, although distribution is not what it used to be. - White Rhino Facts. Black Rhino. While the greater one-horned or Indian rhinoceros, Javan rhinoceros, and Sumatran rhinoceros all live in Asia. Black rhinoceros, the third largest rhinoceros and one of two African species of rhinoceros. Between 1970 and 1993, the population of black rhinos decreased by 96% from approximately 65,000 to only 2,300 surviving in the wild. Two variants of African rhino species exist today: the Black rhino and the White rhino. Black rhinos have suffered the most drastic decline of all rhino species. We also know this species as the ‘hook-lipped rhino’ from the prehensile upper lip with which it grips the woody plant stems on which it feeds. Phylum: Chordata Family name: Rhinocerotidae Classification: Mammal IUCN status: Black, Javan and Sumatran rhino: Critically endangered. – These large mammals have no natural predators as adults. No set breeding season has been observed for this species. The black rhinoceros typically weighs between 700 and 1,300 kg (1,500 and 2,900 pounds); males are the same size as females. 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