In: Ansari AA, Gill SS (eds) Eutrophication: causes, consequences and control. 1. Contracted $20 million, 40,000 m 3 /d plant will serve New Mansoura development. 11 Fascinating Nile River Plants and Animals Bamboo. Smooth species compositional changes were found in the first three zones. Crops grown in the Nile Valley include cotton, cereals, sugarcane, beans, oil seed crops and peanuts. Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2011, pp 171–194, © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016, Faculty of Science, Oceanography Department. Chamomile – This is a daisy-like plant from the family Asteraceae. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, No. Egyptian J Aquat Res 33:183–192, Dorgham M (2011) Eutrophication problem in Egypt. In 1843 it was decided to build a series of diversion dams (barrages or weirs) across the Nile at the head of the delta about 12 miles downstream from Cairo, so as to raise the level of water upstream to supply the irrigation canals and to regulate navigation. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt, van Zwieten PAM, Béné C, Kolding J, Brummett R, Valbo-Jørgensen J (eds) (2011) Review of tropical reservoirs and their fisheries – the cases of Lake Nasser, Lake Volta and Indo-Gangetic Basin reservoirs. All Rights Reserved. With broad leaves and colourful blue blooms, this water lily stands out amid the sandy tones of Egypt. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, The Nile Delta Along the coast of Egypt’s Nile Delta, construction of the remarkable, visionary city of New Mansoura was decreed in 2017. 4. How loud would stars be if space was full of air? During autumn, parts of the Nile River are red with lotus flowers. 1. Did a mega impact kill off the dinosaurs. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. The Nile in Egypt has 533 species of plants, 8 of which are endemic. The delta is made up mainly of alternating layers of silt and sand, laid down by the Nile over the past 10 thousand years or so. 16/03/2013. This delta barrage scheme was not fully completed until 1861, after which it was extended and improved; it may be regarded as … Part of Springer Nature. Other methods, such as Tara, Hosha, Doura, Shelp, eel nets, mullet nets, Lokkafa, and Kerba, are also used in the coastal lagoons. Nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus) is the most important farmed fish species, followed by mullets and carps. Nile waters are diverted to irrigate 5.36 million pp 495-516 | The Nile Delta is the terminal part of a 3.17 million km 2 wide river basin that spans 11 countries before joining the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt. Is it true that polar bears are actually black? The present study aims at identifying the plant communities of the urban habitats in the Nile Delta region, Egypt. Although today the only papyrus left in Egypt is cultivated, in prehistoric and pharaonic times the wetter parts of the Nile Valley and large areas of the Delta were papyrus swamp, in which the plants grew to heights of up to 3 metres. When did we first start forecasting the weather? The delta is rich in wetland plant species that grow in the remaining freshwater wetlands and coastal strip. PhD dissertation, University of Rhode Island, 146 pp, FAO (2015) Global Capture Production 1950–2013. Scribes wrote records and books on papyrus, but this was not the only use. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt, Oczkowski AJ (2009) Fertilizing the land, lagoons, and sea; a first look at human impacts on the Nile Delta fishery, Egypt. Farid 1985; Sherif et al. Intech, pp 349–370, EEAA (Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency) (2011) Summary of the annual report (2009–2010) on the environmental monitoring program of the Northern Lakes (in Arabic), 18 p, Cataudella S, Crosetti D, Ciccotti E, Massa F (2015) Sustainable management in Mediterranean coastal lagoons: interactions among capture fisheries, aquaculture and the environment. How It Works © 2020. Not logged in In: Grillo O (ed) Biodiversity – the dynamic balance of the planet. There are many plants that grow beside and in the Nile River. Eleven commercial marine species belonging to seven families also inhabit the coastal lagoons. Not affiliated Intensive culture in floating cages, earthen ponds, and concrete tanks is also widely spreading. Flowing 4,000 miles through desert lands, the waters of the Nile have sustained life in Sudan and Egypt since ancient times and … This is a preview of subscription content, Hamza W (2014) The Nile fishes and fisheries. 213.136.63.44. A delta is a low-elevation plain where sediment is deposited at the mouth of a river. Ninety-five percent of Egyptians live along the Nile or in its delta. http://www.fao.org/fishery/statistics/global-capture-production/query/en, GAFRD (General Authority for Fish Resources Development) (2004) Fish Statistics Year Book. 1999a).Previous investigations revealed that seawater intrusion in the Nile Delta aquifer has extended inland more than 100 km from the Mediterranean coast (e.g. Rome, FAO, pp 7–49, GAFRD (General Authority for Fish Resources Development) (2015) Fish Statistics Year Book 2013. The Nile (Arabic: النيل ‎, romanized: an-NÄ«l, Arabic pronunciation: , Bohairic Coptic: ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲟ Pronounced , Nobiin: Áman DawÅ«) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is the longest river in Africa and the disputed longest river in the world, as the Brazilian government says that the Amazon River is longer than the Nile. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Papyrus – This species of aquatic flowering plant belongs to the sedge family. Large bamboo plants, Africa. The major challenges and threats facing Nile Delta fisheries are land runoffs with heavy pollution, anthropogenic activities, invasive species, and illegal fishing practices. 2. Twenty commercial freshwater species belonging to seven families inhabit the Nile and its tributaries, and some of them are also living in the coastal lagoons. Abu Ziada et al. The annual fish production from natural fisheries has been stable at about 300,000 to 400,000 mt during the past two decades. Springer Science + Business Media B.V. pp 125–155, Bardach JE, Ryther JH, McLarney WO (eds) (1972) Aquaculture: the farming and husbandry of freshwater and marine organisms. Its design, which includes a vine-like peninsula with outcroppings, is reminiscent of Dubai’s Palm Islands, World, and Universe artificial archipelago developments. 5. Opium poppy – As the name suggests this is the species of poppy from which opium is derived – the source of narcotics like morphine. Along the coast of Egypt’s Nile Delta, construction of the remarkable, visionary city of New Mansoura was decreed in 2017. Proceedings of the Symposium on Aquaculture in Africa. Why doesn’t a spider get stuck in its own web? Altogether, 365 stands were sampled along the terraces, slopes, littoral zones and water zones of 28 canals and 10 drains. Intensive culture in floating cages, earthen ponds, and concrete tanks is also widely spreading. . The Lower Nile (North) and the Upper Nile (South) have plants that grow in abundance. Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is the most important farmed fish species, followed by mullets and carps. The latest talks to resolve the dispute between Ethiopia and Egypt over the future of a giant hydropower project on the Nile River are due to resume in Washington later. Zahran and Willis (2003) gave a full description about the plant life in the River Nile in Egypt. There are many species of chamomile, however the one common to the Nile is Matricaria – a type commonly used in herbal remedies. Semi-intensive aquaculture in earthen ponds is the most important farming system in the Nile Delta region. Tide-dominated deltas usually form in areas with a large tidal range, or area between high tide and low tide. The Lotus Flower will grow in … Studies and Reviews, General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean, No 95. The basin's drainage covers a percentage of the U.S. that's almost identical to the percentage of Africa drained by the Nile. The delta and riverine wetlands of the ecoregion are an important stopping point for … The Upper Nile plant is the Egyptian lotus, and the Lower Nile plant is the Papyrus Sedge (Cyperus papyrus), although it is not nearly as plentiful as it once was, and is becoming quite rare. Wiley Interscience, New York, 868 pp, Eisawy A, El-Bolock A (1975) Status of aquaculture in the Arab Republic of Egypt. Snow geese are not only grazers but also grubbers, digging up … Papyrus – This species of aquatic flowering plant belongs to the sedge family. Although very uncommon, deltas can also empty into land. The massive Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, in India and Bangladesh, is a tide-dominated delta, shaped by the rise and fall of tides in the Ba… The tall leafless grass has a greenish... 2. Dams and reservoirs. Powered by  - Designed with the Hueman theme. The rich delta soil is used … Date palms grow here as well as sycamore, carob and Acacia. The Nile Delta aquifer is among the largest underground freshwater reservoirs in the world (Sherif et al. Its design, which includes a vine-like peninsula with outcroppings, is reminiscent of Dubai’s Palm Islands, World, and Universe artificial archipelago developments. 4, Supplement 1, pp 5–13, Donia N, Hussein M (2004) Eutrophication assessment of Lake Manzala using GIS techniques. The Nile Delta lagoons (coastal lagoons), namely, Lake Maryut, Lake Edku, Lake Burullus, and Lake Manzala, and the Nile River, are the major inland fisheries in Egypt. The Nile River within Egypt has at least 553 plant species associated with it, of which at least 8 species are endemic. Contracted $20 million, 40,000 m3/d plant will serve New Mansoura development. 3. Will we use hyperloops to commute in the future? In: Cataudella S, Crosetti D, Massa F (eds) Mediterranean coastal lagoons: sustainable management and interactions among aquaculture, capture fisheries and the environment. Win a Christmas bundle worth over £1,500! Along the river upstream, the banks support dense growths of reeds (genus Phragmites) and bulrushes (genus Typha). This study evaluates the species richness, phenology and effect of environmental factors on the composition of canal and drain vegetation in the Nile Delta, Egypt. Their traditional winter diet is marsh hay cordgrass, saltgrass, bulrush, and other marsh plants. 557, Rome, FAO, 2011, 148 pp, El-Shabrawy GM (2009) Lake Nasser–Nubia. (2008) reported an ecological study on the aquatic vegetation in North East Nile Delta of Egypt. Management plans and necessary measures have been suggested. The Nile Delta flooded savanna ecoregion (WWF ID: PA0904) covers both the Nile Delta proper, where the Nile River enters the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the river floodplains of the Nile 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) up-river to the Aswan Dam. Plants In the Nile River. Different fishing gears, including gill nets, trammel nets, cast nets, surrounding seines, drift nets, and traps, are widely used in Nile Delta lakes and inland waters. A river delta is a landform created by deposition of sediment that is carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water. Plume thistle – Found all over Egypt, but especially around the Nile, the plume thistle is a tall biennial plant that consists of a rosette of leaves, a taproot and a flowering stem. In: Dumont HJ (ed) The Nile: origin, environments, limnology and human use, vol 723. A few of the plants that live in the Nile are the Lotus Flower and The Papyrus Reed. On the other hand, aquaculture has been sharply expanding during the same period, contributing 75% to total fish production in Egypt in 2013. The Nile Delta is roughly 500 km (310 mi) wide and 800 km (500 mi) long; the coastline as it meets the Mediterranean is 225 km (140 mi) long. (2003) also studied the ecology of water hyacinth community type in the River Nile system in Egypt. Semi-intensive aquaculture in earthen ponds is the most important farming system in the Nile Delta region. Deltas are wetlands that form as rivers empty their water and sediment into another body of water, such as an ocean, lake, or another river. Therefore, the three river systems share a similar flora and fauna, and endemism in the Nile is low (Kingdon 1989). Traditionally, the stems were peeled and boiled for consumption. Although remote and undeveloped, the Nile Delta desert islands reveal the critical state of the Nile River and its people. You will learn about the types of soil, and all about these plants. One of the most useful crops was papyrus. Eighth International Water Technology Conference, IWTC8 2004, Alexandria, Egypt, pp 393–408, Mageed AA (2007) Distribution and long-term historical changes of zooplankton assemblages in Lake Manzala (South Mediterranean Sea, Egypt). The plant has blue-purple or white flowers and silver-green foliage. CIFA Technical Paper No. Cite as. The tall leafless grass has a greenish cluster of stems at its tip and has been used historically to produce papyrus paper. Fruit trees are planted here and eucalyptus has been introduced. What is used to colour stained-glass windows? Nymphaea lotus is an important component of the Egyptian vascular aquatic plants, and more especially encountered in the irrigation and drainage canals in the Nile delta. It had a spiritual link to the Ancient Egyptian deity Nefertem. Could vaccinations have stopped the spread of plague in medieval times? Blue Egyptian water lily – The ‘blue lotus’ is one of the most iconic plants on the Nile. Tide and low tide eucalyptus has been introduced and endemism in the Nile studies and Reviews General... Tanks is also widely spreading in wetland plant species that grow in nile river delta plants are... 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