Indonesia is one of the countries where plastic waste is a huge problem. They found that China and Indonesia are the top sources of plastic bottles, bags and other rubbish clogging up global sea lanes. But new research tells a different story. By early 2019, for example, at least half of Philadelphia’s recycling was going “straight into an incinerator.”. Ocean plastic is clearly a problem but what is the solution? “There’s a reason the plastics industry likes this. We believe our content should remain free and accessible to all our readers. In 2010, 8.8 million metric tons of mismanaged plastic waste came from China with an estimated 3.53 million metric tons of it ending up in the ocean. daily and featuring the latest statistics from the media, In fact, the Ocean Conservancy reported that China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam dump more plastic in the sea than all other countries combined. It is now been updated to show the total amount of mismanaged plastic waste and the total amount of plastic marine debris. Top 20 Countries Ranked by Mass of Mismanaged Plastic Waste. This Victorian-era disease detective offers clues, Oil and gas vets want to clean up the industry’s mess, one well at a time, These climate bills could get past Mitch McConnell, two senators say. Home to more than 267 million people, it is believed to be the world’s second-largest contributor of plastic pollution in the oceans, after China. Considering the fraction that wound up within 50 kilometers (31 miles) of a coastline, the researchers estimated that up to 1.6 million tons (1.45 million metric tons) of plastics — the weight equivalent of nearly 160 Eiffel Towers — may have ended up polluting coastal ecosystems. Of that, between 0.48 million and 1.29 million metric tons ended up as marine waste. The top three countries affected the most by plastic pollution are China at 8.8 metric tons, Indonesia at 3.2 metric tons and the Philippines at 1.9 metric tons. From the above list, the top five polluters of oceans through plastic waste are China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka. To Mallos, that seemed a little too optimistic. proper attribution to Statista. Donate now, and all gifts will be matched. That study used 2005 World Bank data on per capita waste generation and how much of that waste was plastic to estimate countries’ total plastic waste output in 2010. The Philippines, Vietnam and Sri Lanka are the next top polluters of the ocean with plastic. With that higher-end estimate, the United States would be the world’s third-worst offender for its contribution to coastal plastic pollution. The following 10 facts shed light on how plastic is proving dangerous to our planet, health, and wildlife. The Statista "Chart of the Day" currently focuses Plastics are persistent large-scale pollutants, and plastic debris (such as bottles, straws, containers, and plastic wrap) and particulates have been found in many environmental niches, from Mount Everest to the bottom of the sea. Jambeck et al. In 2010, 8.8 million metric tons of mismanaged plastic waste came from China with an estimated 3.53 million metric tons of it ending up in the ocean. RCEP: Asia-Pacific Forms World's Largest Trade Bloc, China’s BAT Companies Have Grip on Markets, 15 Countries Sign World's Biggest Free Trade Deal, World Currencies Gain Against U.S. Dollar After Biden Win, Our infographics team prepares current information in a clear and understandable format, Relevant facts covering media, economy, e-commerce, and FMCG topics, Use our newsletter overview to manage the topics that you have subscribed to. Pollution Index by Country 2020 Mid-Year Chart: Pollution Index Select date: 2020 Mid … plastic bottles, bags and microbeads) in the Earth's environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, and humans. The majority of plastic ocean debris comes from mismanaged waste in cities along coasts and rivers in the developing world. “The U.S. needs to take a leadership role,” Narayan said, but actions in North America must be matched abroad — with better recycling and other end-of-life management, as well as reduced production. Which topics are covered by the "Chart of the Day"? non-commercial websites. please include a backlink to the respective infographic URL. Krishen, who is completing her thesis on plastic pollution at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. New, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Industry Outlook Some of those exports have been diverted to other East Asian countries since China’s ban, but on the whole U.S. plastic scrap exports have decreased by more than 60 percent since 2017. It’s because they don’t really have to do anything,” said Brett Hartl, government affairs director for the Center for Biological Diversity, in an interview with the Intercept. and over 1 Mio. 20 Minute Read We are also among four other African countries with a coastal population of around 12 million, contributing to 2% of mismanaged plastic waste in that study.” she says. The US is responsible for way more of the plastic polluting the world’s oceans than previously thought, a new study reveals. The billions upon billions of items of plastic waste choking our oceans, lakes, and rivers and piling up on land is more than unsightly and harmful to plants and wildlife. How Effective Are The Covid-19 Vaccine Candidates? The 34th ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) summit in Bangkok marked the adoption of a joint declaration by the 10 member countries to fight against plastic pollution in the ocean. Feel free to contact us anytime using our contact form or visit our FAQ page. and displayed without charge by all commercial and China contributes about 8.82 million tons of plastic wastage into the earth’s oceans every year. For individual content and infographics in your Corporate Design, A total of 3.2 million metric tons of mismanaged plastic waste came from Indonesia and it is estimated that 1.29 million metric tons became plastic marine debris. (2015) attempted to quantify the amount of plastic that could eventually enter the ocean across the world. Plastic waste by country. Thousands of seabirds and sea turtles, seals and other marine mammals are … They looked at 215 countries, considering the amount of plastic each nation received from the U.S., as well as its overall percentage of mismanaged waste as reported by the World Bank. The Statista "Chart of the Day", made available But another legislative effort stood out to Mallos as promising: the Break Free From Plastic Pollution Act, which focuses on reducing the amount of plastic being produced in the first place. world relating to economic and political issues as well as Plastics that act as pollutants are categorized into micro-, meso-, or macro debris, based on size. Plastic production is still high in places like India, China, and Thailand, and each of these countries mismanages a large percentage of its waste — up to 79 percent in the case of India, according to the study. Facebook: number of monthly active users worldwide 2008-2020, Smartphone market share worldwide by vendor 2009-2020, Number of apps available in leading app stores 2020, Number of marine pollution cases Japan 2019, by sea area, Number of marine pollution cases Japan 2010-2019, Breakdown of marine pollution cases Japan 2019, by cause, Number of marine pollution cases caused by foreign vessels Japan 2015-2019, Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in China 1985-2025, Gross domestic product (GDP) of China 1985-2025. Critics have called it “woefully inadequate” and are skeptical of the plastics industry’s support. Freshwater 2. Annual metric tons of mismanaged plastic waste and total amount ending up in global waters, Statista offers daily infographics about trending topics, covering:Economy & Finance, Politics & Society, Tech & Media, Health & Environment, Consumer, Sports and many more. Ocean plastic pollution has reached a crisis level. Nearly 15% of all plastic waste that end up in the oceans comes from Indonesia. The Philippines comes in … Originally this infographic incorrectly labeled the total amount of mismanaged plastic waste as the amount found in the water. “We simply can no longer throw away our things into a recycling bin and assume our job is done.”. on two sectors: "Media and Technology", updated facts. We’re now holding on to a lot more discarded plastic, Mallos said, and the evidence suggests that it’s much more than our recycling infrastructure can deal with. Please enable and refresh the page. However, more than 25% of leakage starts outside of Asia. The legislation was introduced by Senator Tom Udall of New Mexico and Representative Alan Lowenthal of California in January, and by late September it had 95 cosponsors from both Houses of Congress. sports and entertainment. Learning how to talk: What climate activists must do in the Biden era, How can we heal a fractured America? Marine debris is a persistent pollution problem that reaches throughout the entire ocean and Great Lakes. Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic objects and particles (e.g. All told, that means the United States may have contributed as much as 2.48 million tons (2.25 million metric tons) of plastic pollution into the global environment. United Nations data helped them calculate that, in 2016, more than half of the recyclable plastic collected in the United States was sent abroad to be dealt with — 89 percent of the time to countries with inadequate waste management infrastructure, like China and Indonesia. Right behind China is Indonesia, with 3.2 million metric tons of mismanaged plastic waste and an estimated 1.29 million metric tons of … Plastic pollution, harmful accumulation of synthetic plastic products in the environment. “All of this points to the need for us to reduce our production of single-use plastics,” Mallos said. Update, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Advertising & Media Outlook “The export of plastic waste from the US, for example, can contribute substantially to the global ocean plastic problem, and this important research puts a number on just how much pollution … China and Indonesia are the top sources clogging global sea lanes. On the surface, it seems clear, plastic must be reduced or eliminated at its source. As a result, up to 1.1 million tons (1 million metric tons) of exported American plastic waste — the equivalent of about 13.6 Washington Monuments — ended up polluting the environment abroad. Environmental advocates say that existing efforts to curb the plastics crisis are not enough. rolled back collection services or cut entire recycling programs, How New York is trying to build lots of renewables, fast. Nearly 513 million tons of plastics wind up in the oceans every year out of which 80% is from just 20 countries in the World. In 2016, the U.S. produced more plastic waste than any other country on Earth, and if you take into account illegal dumping, littering, and scrap plastic exports, the country could take the bronze medal for its contributions to marine plastic pollution — lagging only behind India and Indonesia. When it comes to the countries … The United States barely made the list of top polluters, clocking in as the 20th biggest contributor to ocean plastic debris. It's projected that by 2025, … Youth held one anyway. The researchers also estimated that Americans generated up to 1.38 million tons (1.25 million metric tons) of plastic pollution domestically, through illegal dumping and littering. Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Content Marketing & Information Design for your projects: A team of researchers in the United States and Australia led by Jenna Jambeck, an environmental engineer at the University of Georgia, analyzed plastic waste levels in the world's oceans. Grist's comments only work with JavaScript. It flows through five countries before entering the Atlantic Ocean from Nigeria. And the five most plastic polluting countries are China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Key figures and rankings about brands and companies, Consumer insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about regions and countries, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Technology Market Outlook industries; and "Economy and Society", which Does Statista also create infographics in a customized design? As a nonprofit news outlet, we set an ambitious goal to raise $65,000 by the end of December. Plastic waste in oceans will triple by 2040, researchers say Researchers estimate 29 million metric tons of plastic pollution will enter the ocean each year by 2040, up from 11 million 9 The original source data can be found here. “I will continue to do everything I can to stop other nations from making our oceans into their landfills.”. says in 207 2 plastic consumption in South Africa was over 1.6 million tonnes. At least, that’s what President Trump said in late 2018 as he signed the first Save Our Seas Act. Use is, however, only permitted with The two rivers are among of the ten rivers that account for 90% of the pollution in the oceans. Among other things, the act would implement a federal ban on many single-use plastics, prohibit plastic waste from being exported to developing countries, and require packaging producers to finance waste and recycling programs. internet, telecommunications and consumer electronics China ended up leading the world in marine plastic pollution, contributing an alarming 1.32 to 3.53 million tonsof plastic every single year to our world’s oceans. In early October, the House passed the Save Our Seas 2.0 Act, an update to the 2018 effort that mostly focuses on funding more studies and cleaning up pollution that is already in the ocean. Instead of finger-pointing at other nations, Mallos said, these efforts would help the United States take responsibility for its own contributions to plastic pollution, which are far greater than previously reported. Several million tonnes of debris end up in the world’s oceans every year, and much of it is improperly discarded plastic litter. current data from the United States and around the 5 June 2020, Bangkok, Thailand: This World Environment Day 2020, UNEP is drawing attention to biodiversity loss and protection, and calling on communities, businesses, organisations and governments to act #ForNature. Donate now and all gifts will be matched dollar-for-dollar. please visit our agency website, Your contact to the Infographics Newsroom, Find your information in our database containing over 20,000 reports, Tools and Tutorials explained in our Media Centre, Researchers Question Ethics of Facial AI Studies. Research, storytelling, infographics & presentation design on any topic in your corporate design. Prior to the policy, a whopping 74 percent of U.S. plastic collected for recycling was sent to China and Hong Kong alone. Double your impact today. New, Everything you need to know about the industry development, Find studies from all around the internet. fighting ocean plastic pollution The Center for Biological Diversity is tackling this problem on multiple fronts. In 2018 and 2019, responding to a glut of plastic and with nowhere to send it, cities and counties across the country rolled back collection services or cut entire recycling programs. Check our upcoming releases. Annually, 0.11 million metric tons of waterborne plastic garbage comes from the United States. In Indonesia coastal population generated about 3.22 million MT of mismanaged plastic waste in 2010, which is about 10% of the world total. The five countries that contribute more than half of ocean plastic pollution are in Asia. According to a new study published Friday in the journal Science Advances, the United States is actually a much bigger part of the global plastics problem. One of the major shortcomings of the 2015 paper, explained Nick Mallos, senior director of the Ocean Conservancy’s Trash Free Seas program and one of the new study’s co-authors, was that, after relying on previous estimates that only 2 percent of the United States’ plastic waste was littered, it assumed that 100 percent of the rest of it was handled responsibly — either collected for recycling, incinerated, or properly landfilled, even if it was sent abroad to developing countries. Every minute, the equivalent of an entire garbage truck of plastic makes its way into the world’s oceans—roughly eight million tons annually. Not all of the plastic waste we generate is at high risk of entering the oceans; in fact, for many countries the quantity which does end up as ocean pollution is very small. It can come from groundwater reservoirs, dams, rivers, lakes and other water sources.Saltwater is the world’s oceans and other highly saline water sources. China alone is responsible for 30% of worldwide plastic ocean pollution. Roughly 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into the world's oceans every year, and according to a new study, the majority of this waste comes from just five countries: China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. We’ve petitioned the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency asking the government to regulate plastics as a pollutant under the Clean Water Act and will keep pushing for plastic pollution to be treated as the hazardous waste that it is. © 1999-2020 Grist Magazine, Inc. All rights reserved. Using 2016 municipal solid waste data from the World Bank — the most recent available — Mallos and his colleagues attempted to refine some of the calculations made in the 2015 paper. Trump’s remarks — and much of the ongoing discussion about the United States’ responsibility to address the plastic pollution crisis — seem to be rooted in a landmark 2015 research paper that, for the first time, attempted to estimate how much ocean-bound plastic pollution was coming from which countries. under the Creative Commons License CC BY-ND 3.0, may be used There’s two main types of water sources in the world: 1. China may be the most prolific ocean polluter, but other countries are also contributing their share of mismanaged plastic and plastic marine debris. Based on the authors’ findings, China and five other Asian nations were responsible for most of the 9.4 million tons (8.5 million metric tons) of plastic waste entering the oceans each year. “Ultimately, reducing plastic waste in the U.S. is critical to avoiding an unmanageable plastic future,” he said. Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries Did you know we’re one of the few news outlets dedicated exclusively to people-focused environmental coverage? The Ganges and the Indus rivers account for a large percentage of the pollutants in the Indian Ocean. China China has the largest population in the world and produces the largest quantity of plastic, at nearly 60 million tons per year. Ramani Narayan, a professor at the Michigan Biotechnology Institute’s College of Engineering who was not involved in the study, agreed, although he stressed that the new research doesn’t exactly exonerate Asian countries. Based on the authors’ findings, China and five other Asian nations were responsible for most of the 9.4 million tons (8.5 million metric tons) of plastic waste entering the oceans each year. If you dig our work and agree news should never sit behind a paywall only available to a select few, donate today to help sustain our climate coverage. Plastic pollution - Plastic pollution - Plastic pollution in oceans and on land: Since the ocean is downstream from nearly every terrestrial location, it is the receiving body for much of the plastic waste generated on land. China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam are dumping more plastic into oceans than the rest of the world combined, according to a 2017 report by Ocean … The Indian Ocean was thought to be the only ocean without a garbage patch until the India Ocean Patch was discovered in 2010. “All the time we’re being inundated by debris from other countries,” he stated, calling those other countries “abusers” and promising to crack down on them. China and Japan are among the “many, many countries” flooding U.S. beaches with plastic waste. Plastic waste on a beach. Mallos noted that the study’s data came from 2016, two years before China stopped accepting other countries’ plastic scraps with its “National Sword” policy. Here’s why: 90 percent of ocean plastics come from 10 rivers, eight of which are in Asia. When publishing one of these graphics, Saltwater/marine waterFreshwater can be for drinking water and household use, or it can also be used for uses such as irrigation in agriculture, and for industry applications. The UN canceled its 2020 climate summit. Together, both nations account for more than a third of plastic detritus in global waters, according to a report in The Wall Street Journal. The United States is also guilty of polluting oceans with plastic, but at a much lower level than China. Marine debris. When it comes to which country produces the most plastic pollution by country these are the top five: 1. Grist is powered by VIP. A running list of action on plastic pollution The world is waking up to a crisis of ocean plastic—and we're tracking the developments and solutions as they happen. Plastic pollution has a direct and deadly effect on wildlife and on biodiversity.

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