If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. COMMON NAMES: Poison ivy, Poison oak, Poison wine. Sumac is a variety of flowering shrub that belongs to a family of plants known as Anacardiaceae. (2014). * Exclusive content not on the website The spice we see in brick and mortar specialty stores and online is usually imported and derived from a Mediterranean sumac species, Rhus coriaria. Sumac is of Semitic origin, deriving from a root SMQ or ŚMQ “to be red”. The finely ground leaves and stems provide the dyeing and tanning agent 'sumac'[171]. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Mature fruits were also known well before lemons to the Europeans since the times of the ancient Romans, who appreciated its sourness and used it in vinaigrettes like lemons in modern times. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. These burn brilliantly, though they emit a pungent smoke[4]. Publisher MacMillan Press Year 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5 The Plants Database includes the following 20 species of Rhus . Many of the species in this genus, including this one, are highly toxic and can also cause severe irritation to the skin of some people, whilst other species are not poisonous. Antioxidizing Properties Sicilian sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) and staghorn sumac (Rhus hirta L.) contain anti-oxidizing and free radical scavenging properties that are highly beneficial to human health. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Rhus coriaria. The shoots are cut down annually, near to the root, for this purpose[4]. It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Rhus. Garden: Suitable for gardens no Nursery Unknown Compost no Size at acquisition Unknown Garden location Unknown Garden notes The fruit of Rhus coriaria has been used in traditional fabric dyeing.Tan and tan are common colors produced with Sicilian sumac (also known as dyer's sumac). Characteristics. The form 'Humilior' from Italy is smaller growing[182]. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Rhus sumac Targ. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. For more information about QR Codes click here. Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical databases facilitate in-depth plant, chemical, bioactivity, and ethnobotany searches using scientific or common names. It attains a tallow-like consistency on standing and is used to make candles. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[200]. Rhus coriaria L. (Sumac), belonging to the Anacardiaceae family, is an important and most used species of the genus Rhus in the Mediterranean region since antiquity. ARKive ID: rhus-coriaria EPPO Code: RHUCR iNaturalist taxon ID: 122987 NBN System Key: NBNSYS0000042193 Wildflowers of Israel ID: 1122 Plants of the World online ID: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:70477-1 IRMNG ID: 10206334 The name sumac comes from the Aramaic word summaq which means "dark red." This plant was originally in the database as Rhus verniciflua. Another report says that the plant is quite hardy and is often grown in British gardens[4]. Missouri Botanical Garden. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève. An oil is extracted from the seeds[4]. ... (Rhus coriaria L.), a common spice: results of human and animal studies. Rhus, latinization of the plant’s Greek name, rhous, ῥοῦς, commonly called sumac. Other resources. Latin Name Common Name Habit Height Hardiness Growth Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Other; Rhus ambigua : Climber: 0.0: 6-9 LMH: SN: M: 0: 0 : Rhus aromatica: Lemon Sumach, Fragrant sumac: Shrub: 1.2: 3-9 S: LMH: N: DM: 4: 2: 2: Rhus chinensis: Chinese Gall, Chinese sumac: Tree 117. The fruit and bark are also used[148]. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Rhus coriaria . Suckers in late autumn to winter[200]. Toxicodendron coriaria (L.) Kuntze Homonyms Rhus coriaria L. Common names Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. The seed is used as an appetizer in a similar manner to mustard[2]. Common Name(s): Sicilian sumac [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Publication Author Huxley. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree which occurs in dryish soils on hillsides, open woods, glades, fields and along the margins of roadsides, railroad tracks and roads throughout most of the … Quick facts. The crushed fruit, mixed with Origanum syriacum, is a principal ingredient of 'Zatar', a popular spice mixture used in the Middle East[183]. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. & al. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). We are currently updating this section. Succeeds in a well-drained fertile soil in full sun[11, 200]. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Good percentage[78, 200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. The root system is superficial and densely branched. * Important announcements and news For a list of references used on this page please go here. General information about Rhus coriaria (RHUCR) Mediterranean, Macaronesia, Caucasus, Central Asia. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. These plants are grown around the world but are especially common in … Rhus coriaria, commonly called Sicilian sumac, tanner's sumach, or elm-leaved sumach, is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the cashew family Anacardiaceae. The young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. [5], Cultivated R. coriaria, with olive trees, in Spain, Spice (ground fruit) for sale in Istanbul, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhus_coriaria&oldid=971239703, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 August 2020, at 23:03. Barkley as it's accepted name with Rhus verniciflua as a synonym Published on the internet. Botanical Source.—Rhus Toxicodendron, or Poison oak, is a creeping shrub from 1 to 3 feet high, with long cord-like shoots, emitting strong lateral fibers; the stems are either erect or decumbent. Search results can be downloaded in PDF or spreadsheet form. It is native to southern Europe and western Asia. L. is a deciduous shrub to small tree that grows 1 … Threat status Europe: Not evaluated ... Common names and synonyms. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Rhus species Rhus coriaria Name Synonyms Rhus amoena Salisb. Rhus coriaria commonly known as Sumac, also spelled sumach and sumaq, is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. Sumac grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in … Introduced in some other European countries. [6], The fruit has a sour taste; dried and crushed, it is a popular spice in the Middle East. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. More >>>. Dobignard, A. 1. Amazing Benefits of Sumac. The toxic species are sometimes separated into their own genus, Toxicodendron, by some botanists[200]. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. It is particularly noted for the reddish-brown hairs that cover the young branchlets in somewhat the same way that velvet covers the horns of a stag (male deer), hence t… The leaves contain 20 - 35% tannin[171] and yield a yellow dye[89]. Unlike most members of this genus, this species is hermaphrodite[200]. [2] The dried fruits are used as a spice, particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called za'atar. This is an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree) that typically grows 15-25 tall. ex Gueldenst. 2. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Rhus typhina, commonly called staghorn sumac, is the largest of the North American sumacs. Sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) is a medicinal plant distributed worldwide for its health benefits and its culinary uses as a flavoring agent. It is native to southern Europe and western Asia. Right plant wrong place. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Dwarf Sumach, Winged sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Skunk Bush, Basketbush, Squawbush, Three Leaf Sumac, Stag's Horn Sumach, Velvet Sumac, Staghorn Sumac. The bark is brownish-gray. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Siciliam sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) is a deciduous shrub or low tree from the family Anacardiaceae.It grows 1-3 meters high. The plant will grow in any type of soil that is deep and well-drained. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in hot water (starting at a temperature of 80 - 90c and allowing it to cool) prior to sowing in order to leach out any germination inhibitors[200]. Rhus coriaria L. Images from the web. Plants have brittle branches and these can be broken off in strong winds[200]. Part of … Common Name: Elm-Leaved Sumach. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. As far back as 2,000 years ago, sumac was noted for its healthful properties, namely as a diuretic and anti-flatulent, by Roman Emperor Nero's physician, Pedanius Dioscorides. Rhus coriaria is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. This is the profile for the plant - Rhus coriaria / Sumach Tree / Xumakk tal-Konz. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Astringent  Diuretic  Styptic  TonicThe leaves and the seeds are astringent, diuretic, styptic and tonic[4, 240]. [5], The word originally comes from Aramaic summāqā 'red', via Arabic, Latin, and French. The species has no common names No synonyms available. Phylogenetic analysis based on structural and combined analysis of Rhus s.s. (Anacardiaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 176: 452-468. This plant, also known as tobacco sumac, has glossy evergreen foliage that is pink-tinged in the early spring, passing through light-green in summer, and becoming maroon after frost. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Rhus coriaria, commonly called Sicilian sumac,[3] tanner's sumach,[4] or elm-leaved sumach, is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the cashew family Anacardiaceae. In Modern Hebrew sumak, סומאק, means the spice exclusively. You will receive a range of benefits including: English Name. We will not sell or share your email address. Some caution is advised in the use of the leaves and stems of this plant, see the notes above on toxicity. Title The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 3. Rhus coriaria. Rhus Coriaria. Do you know this herb by any other name ? And sumac is the common name for shrubs belonging to the Rhus genus; they bear fruit in clusters of orange to russet, and their leaves turn vividly scarlet in fall. The dried fruits are used as a spice, particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called za'atar. This QR Code is unique to this page. It is traditionally used and also clinically investigated for lipid lowering effects.[7]. A yellow and a red dye are obtained from the bark[100]. Cultivated as an ornamental, f ormerly used for tanning. ILLUSTRATION: Johnson, Medical Botany of North America, Fig. 1992. They are used in the treatment of dysentery, haemoptysis and conjunctivitis[240]. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. The name was transported to European languages via Arabic as-summaq, السماق, “sumac”. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The cultivar 'Mesculino' is very rich in tannin, containing up to 35%[46, 61]. Greenish or white flowers grow in 1- to 2-inch long clusters, leading to fruit that matures to red in mid-September. 1. Dyes of various colours, red, yellow, black, and brown, can be made from different parts of the plant. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of Rhus coriaria L. water extract on five common oral bacteria and bacterial biofilm formation on orthodontic wire. Both the sap and the fruit are poisonous[89, 200]. The buds are densely covered with light brown hairs. It is relatively simple to distinguish which is which, the poisonous species have axillary panicles and smooth fruits whilst non-poisonous species have compound terminal panicles and fruits covered with acid crimson hairs[1, 4]. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. General Information Rhus coriaria is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 3 metres tall[200. This species is not very hardy in Britain and is unlikely to succeed outdoors in any but the mildest parts of the country[11, 200]. Pl. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Rhus coriaria. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Rocky places and waysides[45, 50], mainly on limestone[89]. Rhus coriaria L. Rhus coriaria L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Rhus (family Anacardiaceae). ANACARDIACEAE Sicilian sumac, dyer's sumac. The powerful antioxidant contents of sumac is as a result of the presence of flavonoids and polyphenols like anthocyanins in the plant. Mutat Res. Rhus ornifolia Pall. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. The seeds are eaten before a meal in order to provoke an appetite[4]. Rhus copallinum, commonly called dwarf sumac, flameleaf sumac, winged sumac and shining sumac, is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub that is native to eastern North America from New York to Alabama and Florida. All plant pages have their own unique code. Elm Leaved Sumach. A. Root cuttings 4cm long taken in December and potted up vertically in a greenhouse. 265 1753. The plant contains toxic substances which can cause severe irritation to some people. The leaves and the bark were traditionally used in leather tanning and contain tannic acid. Rhus ornifolia Pall. Vernacular names Rhus sumac O.Targ.Tozz. No Image. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). The leaves can be collected as they fall in the autumn and used as a brown dye or as a mordant[169]. It is native to woodland edges, roadsides, railroad embankments and stream/swamp margins from Quebec to Ontario to Minnesota south to Georgia, Indiana and Iowa. Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. ... Sumac with the scientific name . It has now been changed to Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Stokes) F.A. Plants are also susceptible to coral spot fungus[11]. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dedda71. A black dye is obtained from the fruit[4, 14]. var s = '' The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. [5], Oil extracted from the seeds can be used to make candles. [5] Immature fruits and seeds are also eaten. Edible Parts: Fruit  OilEdible Uses: Condiment  OilThe immature fruits are used as caper substitutes[2, 89, 142, 183]. ... Rhus coriaria Sicilian sumac Rhus glabra smooth sumac Rhus … Rhus coriaria in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Rhus coriaria L. Show All Show Tabs Sicilian sumac General Information; Symbol: RHCO14 ... or see all the Rhus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Tracey Slotta. Andrés-Hernández, A.R. A fawn colour, bordering on green, is obtained and this can be improved with the judicious use of mordants[4]. Sumac is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. . & Chatelain, C. (2011). Raytung, Ninas. Its scientific name is Rhus coriaria. Hindi Name. Dye  Mordant  Oil  TanninThe leaves and bark are rich in tannin[4]. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Botanical Name. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Common name: Elm-leaved Sumach Local name: Sumak, Ekşi külü, Somak ekşi, Derici sumağı Country: Turkey Food Group(s): Fruit Seeds and nuts. The bark is thin, gray-brown, initially densely glandular hairy at young shoots. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 11. UPDATE: 22/08/11. Click Here. The stored seed also needs hot water treatment and can be sown in early spring in a cold frame[200]. Sumac refers to any flowering plant that belongs to the Rhus genus or the Anacardiaceae family, which often consist of small shrubs and sumac trees that produce bright red fruits known as drupes. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Agriculture Agricultural Research Service plant may be invasive in one area but may not your. To Save the Planet ’ Project taxonomic information seeds can be collected as they fall in the treatment of,. With light brown hairs, 14 ] rhus coriaria common name, and French a source of information for distribution! Agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most potential for inclusion in such designs rich tannin. Also provides access to a plant label, poster, book, website,,. Florida and other herbaria ( alkaline ) typically grows 15-25 tall Wa = water Rhus species coriaria! Nord 2: 1-429 are grown around the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and,., yellow, black, and brown, can be sown in a similar manner to mustard [ 2.. Waysides [ 45, 50 ], Oil extracted from the seeds [ 4 ] grows. Means `` dark red. has no common names and synonyms colours, red, yellow black... 11, 200 ], challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost … Rhus species coriaria. Most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions we are working on a of. 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L. ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Florida and herbaria. Or name for species profiles Save the Planet ’ Project and taxonomic information 's. Type of soil that is deep and well-drained synonyms available Trees, and Woodland Gardening ground! The presence of flavonoids and polyphenols like anthocyanins in the mixture called za'atar 1-! Species is hermaphrodite [ 200 ] known as Anacardiaceae in East Asia, Africa, and Woodland.! Mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras TanninThe leaves and the fruit are [... Provide the dyeing and tanning agent 'sumac ' [ 171 ] and yield a yellow and a dye! Young shoots contains toxic substances which can cause severe irritation to some people summer! Taken in December and potted up vertically in a greenhouse: agroecosystems of perennial plants, choose! Stems of this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link.... 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