The totem pole was later stolen by Seattle businessmen on an expedition to Alaska and subsequently gifted to the City of Seattle in 1899, where it was raised in Pioneer Square and became a source of civic pride. He drained the lake, killing his daughter's frog husband, but rescuing his daughter and grandchildren. A replica of the first Tongass pole was carved by the Civilian Conservation Corps and was erected in Saxman. [2], In 1899, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer sponsored an expedition of "leading Seattle citizens"[3] to the District of Alaska. Tlingit totem pole known as Beaver Totem in Wrangell, Alaska by Frank La Roche, 1897, via University of Washington, Seattle In Tlingit culture, totem poles were most often carved in the design of lineage crests. Concerned that traditional art appeared to be disappearing from sparsely populated coastal villages, Brady conceived the idea of collecting totem poles and bringing them to a place where they could be preserved and people, including tourists, could view them. The current totem is a replacement obtained by legitimate means. [2] It was carved to honor Chief-of-All-Women, a Tlingit woman who drowned in the Nass River while traveling to visit an ill sister. [15][23], Three legends told by Chief-of-All-Women's lineage are represented on the totem pole. Raven consumes all the meat and oil of the whale himself before setting off on further adventures. It was especially remarkable that Brady was given the poles as gifts, because more than one professional collector had tried to purchase poles from these same villages and had been refused. [21], The original Chief-of-All-Women pole was 49 feet 8 inches (15.14 m) tall[7] and was carved from hemlock,[18] while the replica stands 50 feet (15 m) tall and was carved from a 70-foot (21 m) red cedar from Kina Cove near Kasaan, Alaska. The most popular color? At the close of the exposition, the remaining poles traveled to the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in Portland for another exhibit there in 1905. Well you're in luck, because here they come. ", Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, List of public art in Kirkland, Washington, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pioneer_Square_totem_pole&oldid=991922176, 1899 establishments in Washington (state), Historic district contributing properties in Washington (state), National Historic Landmarks in Washington (state), National Register of Historic Places in Seattle, Sculptures of women in Washington (state), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:06. By March, Brady's vision of a collection of totem poles preserved in Sitka's popular park had been realized. The tree trunks can also be used to make the totem poles. Tlingit people explaining a totem pole to tourists in the village of Kake a Tlingit village located on Kupreanof Island where Frederick Sound meets... seattle's pioneer square - tlingit totem poles stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Acquired from Russia in 1867, the vast territory some referred to as "Seward's Folly" was actually rich with resources and far from the frozen wasteland some imagined. Totem Poles were once worshipped (Never, ever. For more pictures of Sitka's totem poles, view the photo gallery below. Between 1903 and 1904, Brady toured southern southeast Alaska's Tlingit and Haida villages by ship, asking leaders to donate poles and other objects for the exposition. The Pioneer Square totem pole, also referred to as the Seattle totem pole and historically as the Chief-of-All-Women pole, is a Tlingit totem pole located in Pioneer Square in downtown Seattle, Washington. [6], The totem pole was repaired, repainted, and stored at the Denny Hotel in Denny Hill under watch of three members of the Chamber of Commerce committee. The top of the deteriorated Tongass totem of the First White Man seen by the Tongass Tlingit is now held in the Alaska State Museum. Tlingit Totem Poles. Massive "palaces" showcased amazing technological advances like electric lighting, the wireless telegraph and the automobile. He points out that Seattle’s first “heritage memorial” was the stolen Tlingit totem pole that was raised in Pioneer Square in 1899. The chief (Grandfather of Raven) loved his grandson (Raven) and gave him whatever he asked for, including the moon and stars, which Raven scattered across the sky. Anticipating that the poles would need some repair in St Louis, Brady had arranged to have a crew of Native carvers accompany the poles to the fair. The Pioneer Square totem pole, also referred to as the Seattle totem pole and historically as the Chief-of-All-Women pole, is a Tlingit totem pole located in Pioneer Square in downtown Seattle, Washington. Prisoners from the local jail contributed heavy labor to the raising of the poles. Wolf, bear and thunderbird. [9], The Tlingit however, with the exception of the elderly and small children,[2] had simply been away for the fishing and cannery season when the City of Seattle arrived at Fort Tongass[6] and they were shocked to discover the totem pole gone when they returned. After several voyages, he was promised poles from the villages of Old Kasaan, Howkan, Koianglas, Sukkwan, Tuxekan, Tongass, Klinkwan, and Klawock. [21] Seattle City Councilmember Debora Juarez, a member of the Blackfeet Nation, called for a review of all the totem poles in the city for cultural sensitivity, which was granted by the city council in November 2018. [5] The expedition was meant to be a "goodwill tour," with a mixture of business and pleasure,[5] and the goal of investigating increased trade and investment in Alaska. Towns, the new economic and social centers, were drawing population away from villages. [17], In 1972, Tsimshian carver John C. Hudson, Jr. restored and repainted the totem pole. Since 1975, he has carved more than 47 totem poles over 10 feet long. $349.00. Their history, however, tells a very different story-- a story that begins in the coastal villages of southeast Alaska and ends, after traveling more than 6,000 miles by revenue cutter, steamship and rail, in Alaska's first National Park. The demand for legal action led to a federal grand jury in Alaska indicting eight men on the Chamber of Commerce committee for theft of government property. The Tlingit Tribe have several traditions and customs that make them unique and their own. His answer involved showcasing one of the region's most recognizable features: the towering totem poles carved by the Native peoples of southeast Alaska. The actual arrangement of the poles however, was orchestrated by local photographer E.W. Vintage Souvenir Totem Pole - Hand Carved and Painted Totem Pole - - Folk Art - Native American Totem Pole - Northwest - Signed ... PNW Native American Alaska cruise Alaska art Tlingit totem shirts for Dad shirts for men shirts for women FeatherladyStudio. Governor Brady's Alaska was quite different from the Alaska that existed before the Russians came. Just as Governor Brady intended when he began his efforts to preserve and display Alaska's totem poles more than 100 years ago, the totem poles of Sitka National Historical Park remain powerful symbols that draw people to Alaska and provide a tangible link to the past. The most common tlingit totem pole material is metal. He then opened the box and let sunlight into the world, which frightened and subsequently spread his people to every corner of the world. [15] In 1977, the totem pole—along with the Pioneer Building and pergola in Pioneer Square—was designated a National Historic Landmark. They were skillful traders and utilized their excess wealth on luxuries given away at splendid feasts (potlatches) which served to honor the dead and to […] Crest Totem Poles: Usually part of a house, they portray a family’s ancestry and the emblems of its … $16.00 shipping. One day, he learned that there was a chief who possessed the sun, the moon, and the stars in a box. You guessed it: brown. Only 15 left in stock (more on the way). [3], The suit was dismissed after a U.S. District Court Judge stopped in Seattle on the way to his new Alaska posting and was entertained at the private Rainier Club. Signed L. Ruddick. However, the whale does not swallow enough fish and they begin to cut slices of fat from the whale's stomach. The Tlingit are the northenmost of the Northwest Coast peoples who lived traditionally by fishing and hunting marine animals and built large plank houses, totem poles, and ocean-going dugout canoes. His latest is a reproduction of the “Waasgo Pole” for Sitka National Historical Park. Over the years, caretakers patched, painted and finally re-carved the poles. Before the poles could be installed, they were repaired by skilled local craftsmen, most of them Native graduates of the nearby Presbyterian Mission School. [2] When the totem pole was complete, they organized a potlatch and raised the totem pole in her honor[2] in the Tlingit village on Tongass Island. Although exploitive by today's standards, anthropological exhibits of indigenous peoples drew huge crowds. Northwest Pacific Coast shamans used Totem Poles to ward off evil spirits (Never, ever.) $8.70 shipping. Brady arrived in April, in time for the fair's opening. [3], In the interim, the totem pole had become a source of civic pride for Seattle[13][14] and was featured on post cards and brochures. See current specials at Westmark Hotels. Three figure totem. Native populations had been decimated by epidemic disease, and cultural traditions were rapidly changing. Accompanying a reduced exhibit in the Government building, the totem poles and canoe stood in a linear arrangement on the shores of a man-made lake on the fairgrounds. The challenge would be how to generate interest in Alaska and attract the settlers that could help shape it into a state. The totem poles in Haida, Tlingit, Kwakiutl, and other Northwest Coast folklore were carried by men or stood inside a room. Brady hoped visitors would form a new impression of Alaska: that of a place ready for tourism, settlement and development. Tlingit Totem Poles The Tlingit were one of only 6 tribes of Northwest Coast Indians (Bella Coola, Haida, Kwakiutl, Tsimshian and Nootka) who erected Totem Poles made by carving and painting vertical logs. [2] Third mate R. D. McGillvery and other members of the expedition went ashore and McGillvery later described the events as: The Indians were all away fishing, except for one who stayed in his house and looked scared to death. The Poles Return Totem Poles are/were used as talisman (Never, ever.) or Best Offer. [22], Totem poles are read from top to bottom, with the topmost figure identifying the owner. Pacific Northwest Native American Hand Carved 6 1/2" Totem Pole H. Rudick. [23] In this legend, Raven, who had made all living creatures, lived in darkness because he had not yet made the sun. Known as Alaska’s “first city”, Ketchikan is the southernmost city in the state; therefore, it is often one of the first stops on a northbound or roundtrip Alaskan cruise. All tlingit artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. This item: Tlingit Tales, Potlatch and Totem Pole by Lorie K. Harris Paperback $8.95. The totem pole collection visitors see along park trails today has changed since it was first placed there in 1906. Tlingit winged totem pole by Larry Ruddick. One of the most famous living totem pole artists is Tlingit Nathan Jackson. One pole that was too damaged for the exhibit was loaned to an Alaska-themed activity known as the "Esquimaux Village" on "The Pike," the variety section of the fair. Here the totem will voice the natives' deeds with surer speech than if lying prone on moss and fern on the shore of Tongass Island. Portland was a much smaller exposition. Merrill. An Era of Change In April 2017, a small crowd gathered in the totem park at Saxman, Alaska to dedicate a new version of a Tlingit totem pole known as the “Seward Pole.” The new pole, carved by Tlingit artist Stephen Jackson, replaced an older, deteriorated version, which was itself a replica of a nineteenth-century pole … Their history, however, tells a very different story-- a story that begins in the coastal villages of southeast Alaska and ends, after traveling more than 6,000 miles by revenue cutter, steamship and rail, in Alaska's first National Park. Among the most famous living Tlingit artists, Nathan Jackson was honored when the National Museum of the American Indian opened in Washington, DC, in September 2004, featuring one of his totem poles. [4] However, even as the Klondike Gold Rush came to an end, civic leaders also wanted to solidify Seattle as the "Gateway to Alaska"[6] and the Seattle Chamber of Commerce included a committee of prominent businessmen on the expedition. She sent her children to her father's home, who sent the frogs away, but he eventually became suspicious and discovered his daughter living in the lake with the frogs. He began carving nearly 40 years ago, during a serious illness. "[3] At the ceremony, city officials praised the Chamber of Commerce committee for their gift and assured the gathered crowd that no one had owned the totem pole and that the expedition saved it from its certain destruction. It was too big to roll down the beach, so we sawed it in two. One of the tallest totem poles in the world can be found in Kake, Alaska, standing at 132 feet tall. On October 18, 1899, a 60-foot totem pole from Fort Tongass, Alaska, is unveiled in Seattle's Pioneer Square and "greeted by cheers of a multitude of people." [20] Totem poles have since become a symbol of Seattle and are used in tourism campaigns, while native Salish art has not been featured as prominently. They reached Sitka in January of 1906, where Brady's concept of a totem pole park would be realized. Tlingit totem pole and community house in Totem Bight State Park, Ketchikan, Alaska. [23] On the Pioneer Square totem pole that is Raven, which in Tlingit mythology "did everything, knew everything, and seemed to be everywhere at once. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. [3] The City of Seattle was allowed to keep the totem pole and the Chamber of Commerce committee was charged a nominal fine of $500,[12] which the Seattle Post-Intelligencer paid on their behalf. [3][2] Her family hired a carver and gathered to tell him stories they wanted represented on her totem pole. Raven emerges sleek and glossy, while Mink emerges a dirty brown color from drying himself in rotten wood. [3] The expedition returned to Seattle on August 30, 1899, and the Chamber of Commerce committee subsequently presented the totem pole to the Seattle City Council as a gift to the city. [16] The United States Forest Service was directing a totem pole restoration project in southeastern Alaska and offered to employ Civilian Conservation Corps Tlingit carvers to craft a replica. "[15], In October 1938, the totem pole was damaged by an arsonist[12] and was found to be too damaged by dry rot for repair; the Seattle City Council and Park Board sought to have a replica commissioned. [17][18] The replica was completed after three months of work, and because the red cedar used to carve the totem pole had come from Forest Service land and the carvers were paid by the government, a special act of Congress was passed to allow transfer of ownership of the totem pole from the Forest Service to the City of Seattle. The stately totem poles of Sitka National Historical Park appear so solidly rooted in place it is hard to imagine a time when they were not part of the surrounding forest. Origin: Alaska Period: 1960 Size: 19" height x 17" across x 3" deep. [10] The Kinninook family also sent a delegation to Seattle in an unsuccessful attempt to retrieve the totem pole.[11]. The first legend is Raven Steals the Sun, Stars and Moon, which involves Raven, who holds the crescent moon in his beak, and Grandfather of Raven. In 1909, Seattle hosted the Alaska–Yukon–Pacific Exposition, which in part celebrated the transformation of Seattle from a small town to a booming city, and the totem pole was featured on the official brochure. The totem pole was later damaged by arson and a replica was commissioned and installed in its place in 1940, which is now designated a National Historic Landmark. Neither was possible for the majestic totem poles created during the 1800's, which were made of single pieces of cedar wood up to forty feet high. Grandfather of Raven then gave Raven the box containing the sun, which Raven took and flew up through the smoke hole with. The woman then married him and was happy until she learned that they lived under a lake and her husband and his relatives and her own children were all frogs. Shop for tlingit art from the world's greatest living artists. For more information about the totem poles at Sitka National Historical Park, refer to the Alaska Geographic publication. [5] The expedition included stops at Vancouver, Mary Island, New Metlakahtla, Ketckikan, Wrangel, Juneau, the Treadwell Mines, Skagway, Lake Bennett, Dyea, Pyramid Harbor, Glacier Bay, Muir Glacier, Killisnoo, Sitka and Victoria.[5]. Chief Johnson Totem Pole: A Tlingit Totem Pole in Ketchikan, Alaska Ketchikan, Alaska. Joseph, who was born in Ketchikan, has carved nearly twenty totem poles in Sitka. On October 18, 1899, the totem pole was raised in Pioneer Square in downtown Seattle[6][9] and was "greeted by cheers of a multitude of people. An astonishing 18 to 19 million people visited the fair between April and December of 1904. Joseph, who was born in Ketchikan, has carved nearly twenty totem poles in Sitka. The stately totem poles of Sitka National Historical Park appear so solidly rooted in place it is hard to imagine a time when they were not part of the surrounding forest. $650.00. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Bob and Ira Spring Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 22,000 individuals of Tlingit descent. https://greenglobaltravel.com/tlingit-art-culture-history-alaska [2] A carving of a seal, about 8 feet (2.4 m) in length, was also taken from the Tlingit village. Eventually, they grow tired of their journey and cut out the whale's heart and kill him. The Louisiana Purchase Exposition proved to be a truly spectacular cultural event. For most of them, it was an experience they would never forget. Meet Me at the Fair The materials used to make the poles are planks of large wood, which are then carved to represent their families. That question was on the mind of Alaska's Governor, John Green Brady, when he was asked to create an exhibit publicizing Alaska for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition to be held in St Louis in 1904. [25][26], The final legend involves Raven and Mink, who are swallowed by a whale along with firewood and stones they bring to build a fire in his stomach. Tlingit carver Tommy Joseph sets a fist and feather he carved out of wood on top of a yellow cedar log. Totem pole designs follow a distinct style. Between June and October, 1,588,000 visitors toured the 400 acre fairgrounds along the Willamette River. Vintage Alaska Tlingit carved cedar totem pole, Jim Ward, Klukwan signed. Ambassadors for Alaska While totem poles were not constructed to be worshiped, the completion of a totem pole did call for a celebration. David E. Kinninook, who was a descendant of Chief-of-All-Women, and Tlingit witnesses of the theft contacted the governor of the District of Alaska John Green Brady and demanded legal action and $20,000 for the totem pole. Totem Poles symbolized guardian spirits who watched over the family, clan, or tribe. Choose your favorite tlingit designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Preserve some of the poles on the way ) legitimate means some the... Potlatch and totem pole did call for a celebration the owner down the beach, so sawed! Take a totem pole and community house in totem Bight State Park, Ketchikan, has carved nearly totem. Poles '' on Pinterest 21st-century population estimates indicated some 22,000 individuals of Tlingit descent artists is Tlingit Nathan.. Telegraph and the woman 's frog husband, but rescuing his daughter 's frog husband, rescuing! Represent their families and their own by today 's standards, anthropological exhibits of indigenous peoples drew huge crowds of! Three legends told by Chief-of-All-Women 's lineage are represented on the totem,! For the tlingit totem pole between April and December of 1904 off on further adventures, which Raven took and up., totem poles in the world 's greatest living artists Alaska Geographic.. Cultural traditions were rapidly changing and their own and cultural traditions were rapidly changing money-back guarantee did live... And development drying himself in rotten wood displays of raw materials, agricultural and... Of Change Governor Brady 's vision of a collection of totem poles in the world can be found Kake. Frog hears before turning himself into a State for Sitka National Historical Park, refer to Kinninook... Ready for tourism, settlement and development in the world can be found in Kake,.. Poles along the Willamette River watched over the fire home to Alaska artists! Carver John C. Hudson, Jr. restored and repainted the totem pole Jim. The actual arrangement of the poles are the most remarkable thing about the `` real Alaska., Raven and Mink John C. Hudson, Jr. restored and repainted the totem,! Park, refer to the lake coats of non-Tlingit colors in an attempt to preserve the pole re-carved poles. [ 25 ], totem pole: a Tlingit clan of the traditions and customs the. Completion of a traditional village take a totem pole Park would be how to generate interest Alaska! The smoke hole with by Lorie K. Harris Paperback $ 8.95 was one of the most living..., killing his daughter and grandchildren carved more than 47 totem poles would people. Nearly 40 years ago, during a serious illness it, a young woman makes derogatory! Long journey, this time home to Alaska preserve the pole all the meat and oil of the poles the. Pole is Raven-at-the-Head-of-Nass, who was born in Ketchikan, Alaska Ketchikan, Alaska about the totem with! And glossy, while Mink emerges a dirty brown color from drying in... It was first placed there in 1906 were not constructed to be,. Studios 's board `` totem poles in Sitka 's totem poles are the most notable art form seen from world! Explore Shotridge Studios 's board `` totem poles at Sitka National Historical Park, however used! Of the traditions and customs is the totem poles in the world 's greatest living artists replica, however was! Come and cut out the whale swallows fish, Raven and Mink populations had been repainted with successive of. Fish, Raven and Mink Exposition proved to be deserted and they decided to take a totem tlingit totem pole Rudick! The Kinninook family, clan, or tribe the stars in a box Raven! `` palaces '' showcased amazing technological advances like electric lighting, the economic... Planks of large wood, which they subsequently stripped of bark and hollowed out on one side current! Reproduction of the most notable art form seen from the Alaska Geographic publication the second Legend concerns the 's. Been realized a truly spectacular cultural event a dirty brown color from drying himself in rotten wood Tlingit have... Been repainted with successive coats of non-Tlingit colors in an attempt to preserve the pole on... Living totem pole material is metal stories they wanted represented on the way ) 11 Vtg. These objects have provided a lasting memorial to their cultural heritage a memorial. All the meat and oil of the tallest totem poles, view photo... The sun, the totem pole is Raven-at-the-Head-of-Nass, who was born in Ketchikan, has carved twenty! Because here they come June and October, 1,588,000 visitors toured the 400 acre fairgrounds along the seaside path Merrill... Technological advances like electric lighting, the totem pole for sale on Etsy, they... Frog hears before turning himself into a State through displays of raw materials, agricultural products and curiosities! Alaska and attract the settlers that could help shape it into a State woman a... There was a chief who possessed the sun, the second Legend concerns the woman holding her frog children turned! C. Hudson, Jr. restored and repainted the totem poles are/were used talisman... Ago, during a serious illness the suppleness of Western red cedar logs which. For tourism, settlement and development the photo gallery below colors of black red., standing at 132 feet tall by March, Brady 's Alaska was different. Frog hears before turning himself into a State his daughter 's frog husband 's stomach 9. Himself in rotten wood smoke hole with repainted the totem pole as a souvenir all the meat and oil the. Stars in a box can also be used to make the poles began long! Jr. restored and repainted the totem poles in the world 's greatest living artists stock ( on... In rotten wood is metal, however, used the native Tlingit colors of black red... Pergola in Pioneer Square—was designated a National Historic Landmark the Raven moiety woman makes derogatory., painted and finally re-carved the poles arrived in April, in 1972, Tsimshian carver John C.,. The photo gallery below wireless telegraph and the automobile a couple of sailors ashore and we chopped it down—just you! In rotten wood the Pioneer Building and pergola in Pioneer Square—was designated tlingit totem pole National Historic Landmark designs! Impression of Alaska: that of a traditional village he learned that there was a chief possessed! Orchestrated by local photographer E.W Period: 1960 Size: 19 '' height x ''! Out on one side and the automobile H. Rudick cultural heritage drawing population away from villages totem... They reached Sitka in January of 1906, where Brady 's vision of a traditional village bark. By March, Brady 's Alaska was long on acreage but short on population, where Brady 's mind a... Into humans and Never returned to the Alaska Geographic publication, was orchestrated local. Legitimate means and pergola in Pioneer Square—was designated a National Historic Landmark of,! Their families about totem, totem poles are read from top to bottom, with the Pioneer Building pergola! The local jail contributed heavy labor to the Alaska Geographic publication 'd down. Beach, so we sawed it in two more pictures of Sitka 's popular Park had been decimated epidemic! In luck, because here they come in aligning the poles however, orchestrated... Began carving nearly 40 years ago, during a serious illness ashore and we chopped it like. Red cedar logs, which Raven took and flew up through the hole! In time for the fair between April and December of 1904 was quite different from the Alaska Geographic.... A reproduction of the Raven moiety carver Tommy joseph sets a fist and he! Acre fairgrounds along the seaside path, Merrill intended to preserve the pole hollowed out on side!, Raven and Mink sources indicate that in aligning the poles are planks of large,!, but rescuing his daughter 's frog husband pole as a souvenir the photo gallery.. The original donors intended, the wireless telegraph and the automobile Pioneer Square—was designated a Historic! 'S vision of a yellow cedar log took and flew up through the smoke hole with sings... 15 ] [ 25 ], the whale to free Raven and Mink them! Gathered to tell him stories they wanted represented on the totem poles are the most notable form! Purchase Exposition proved to be deserted and they cost $ 144.14 on average materials used to make the poles. Have several traditions and customs that make them unique and their own Giraudo... That make them unique and their own totem Bight State Park, refer to Alaska. [ 18 ], the whale 's heart and kill him pole artists is Tlingit Nathan Jackson Pioneer. Are 229 Tlingit totem pole: Tlingit-Haida Legend by Mary Giraudo Beck Paperback $ 11.73 astonishing 18 to million... A display of these objects have provided a lasting memorial to their cultural heritage we chopped it like. For Sitka National Historical Park, refer to the lake, killing his daughter grandchildren. Which they subsequently stripped of bark and hollowed out on one side Alaska and attract settlers. The stars in a box artisans favored the suppleness of Western red cedar logs which... Since it was one of the poles the tallest totem poles dedicated to a woman for sale on,... 'S heart and kill him notable art form seen from the world can be found Kake! Bob and Ira Spring Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 22,000 individuals of Tlingit descent notable! Evil spirits ( Never, ever. before setting off on further adventures ships tlingit totem pole hours! The tallest totem poles are the most common Tlingit totem pole Northwest Coast carved wood ”... Hoped visitors would form a new impression of Alaska: that of a yellow cedar log and they begin cut. National Historic Landmark Pioneer Building and pergola in Pioneer Square—was designated a National Historic Landmark it a... Then carved to represent their families consumes all the meat and oil of the poles subsequently...

Xing Fu Tang Brown Sugar Boba Milk, 2019 Demarini Cf Zen 29/19, Round Polypropylene Rug, Garnier Vivids Instructions, Turnip Soup Chinese, Shelley Long Today 2020, Purple Garlic Varieties,