There are 363 Marine Corps recipients of the Navy Cross following the war in Vietnam. “Doris Miller is an American hero simply because of what he represents as a young man going beyond the call of what’s expected,” Doreen Ravenscroft, president of Cultural Arts of Waco and team leader for the Doris Miller Memorial told the Star-Advertiser. There are nearly 4,000 recipients of the Navy Cross who were awarded for exemplary and heroic service during the World War II. After an exhaustive review of files, the study recommended that several black Distinguished Service Cross recipients be upgraded to the Medal of Honor. Miller was the first black sailor honored with that medal, the Navy’s second-highest honor. He returned to the West Virginia in August 1941. At that time, he was 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) tall and weighed more than 200 pounds (91 kg). 2392] to award Miller the Medal of Honor,[17] and Representative John D. Dingell, Sr. (D-MI) introduced a matching House bill [H.R. Navy names aircraft carrier for Dorie Miller, black sailor from Waco and unlikely Pearl Harbor hero, (Courtesy/National Archives / Courtesy/National Archives), Dallas Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson leads Medal of Honor push for Pearl Harbor hero, Dorie Miller's fans keep fighting to honor black sailor's Pearl Harbor heroism, Dallas County reports 1,675 new coronavirus cases, two COVID-19 deaths, What you need to know about coronavirus, plus a map of every case in Texas, Dallas plans for medics, firefighters and cops to be first in line for COVID-19 vaccine, Nursing home residents added to first wave of Texans eligible for COVID-19 vaccine, DeSoto native Errol Spence is ready to prove he’s overcome his car accident in comeback fight vs. Danny Garcia, 28-year-old man mauled to death in possible mountain lion attack, Hood County sheriff says, Retail hasn’t canceled Santa. Doris "Dorie" Miller (October 12, 1919 – November 24, 1943) was an American Sailor in the United States Navy. Lieutenant Frederic H. White ordered Miller to help him and Ensign Victor Delano load the unmanned number 1 and number 2 Browning .50 caliber anti-aircraft machine guns aft of the conning tower. The USS Harmon (DE-678) served from 1943 to 1947 and remained in the Reserve Fleet until 1967; it was the first US warship to be named after a black man. Note: We estimate that our database is 99.99% complete and accurate. [8] He began attending the 8th grade again on January 25, 1937 at the age of 17 but was forced to repeat the grade the following year, so he decided to drop out of school. At age 7, she went door to door in the Waco neighborhood they both grew up in, raising funds so the community could honor him. Doris Miller, Mess Attendant Second Class, USN, receives the Navy Cross from Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, at an awards ceremony held on the flight deck of USS Enterprise (CV-6) at Pearl Harbor, 27 May 1942. (1970) – Full Cast & Crew", "Local WWII hero Doris Miller being honored with stamp", "Aboard the Wrong Ship in the Right Books: Doris Miller and Historical Accuracy", The Texas Experience – Tom Landry Presents Dorie Miller (video), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Doris_Miller&oldid=990897091, American naval personnel killed in World War II, Recipients of the Navy Cross (United States), Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Doris Miller Memorial, a public art installation honoring Miller on the banks of the, A bronze commemorative plaque at the Doris Miller Park housing community located near, Bledsoe–Miller Community Center, recreation facility in, Dorie Miller Community Center, recreation facility in, Dorie Miller Homes, a housing community in, Doris Miller Community Center, recreation facility in, Doris Miller Memorial Park, a cemetery on the border of Waco and, Doris Miller Park, a housing community for military personnel in, Dorie Miller Post 915 – American Legion post in, Dorie E. Miller Post 817 – American Legion post in, In 1942, Miller's actions were dramatized on the CBS Radio series, The April 25, 1944, episode of the CBS Radio series, On the December 9, 1945, broadcast of his, Although he is not identified by name, Miller is portrayed by Elven Havard in the 1970 film, Miller being awarded the Navy Cross was portrayed in the 2019 film. [26] On November 24, the ship was struck in the stern by a torpedo from the Japanese submarine I-175. [13], He then reported to Puget Sound Navy Yard on May 15, 1943, and was advanced to Cook First Class on June 1 when he reported to the escort carrier Liscome Bay. In 2016, the Navy announced plans to commission a new battleship bearing her name. [9] In December 1942 and January 1943, he gave presentations in Oakland, California, in his hometown of Waco, in Dallas, and to the first graduating class of black sailors from Great Lakes Naval Training Station. [9], A memorial service was held on April 30, 1944, at the Second Baptist Church in Waco, Texas, sponsored by the Victory Club. Meet the philanthropist behind Dallas’ big park gift, As streaming services suddenly drop Fox Sports Southwest, Mark Cuban insists fans have ‘many options’ to watch the Mavs, This offseason, Dallas acquired what the 2011 Mavs had and the 2020 team lacked: Extra toughness. At Pearl Harbor, Miller was a mess attendant 3rd Class aboard the battleship USS West Virginia. [25], After training in Hawaii, Liscome Bay took part in the Battle of Makin beginning on November 20, 1943. Moore High School. The recipients are listed alphabetically by last name along with their full citation. Many heroes rose to the occasion during the attack on Pearl Harbor, but some were recognized for their heroic efforts to protect their fellow servicemen. By signing up you agree to our privacy policy, Stand with us in our mission to discover and uncover the story of North Texas. The citation for Miller’s Navy Cross said it was for “distinguished devotion to duty, extraordinary courage and disregard for his own personal safety.”. He manned anti-aircraft guns during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, for which he had no training, and tended to the wounded. He was promoted to Mess Attendant Second Class on February 16, 1941. But for decades, admirers have said he deserved the top award: the Medal of Honor. For his valor, Miller was awarded the Navy Cross and was the first African American recognized with this honor.”. R.H. Hillenkoetter, noted in an action report four days after the Pearl Harbor attack that Miller and Lt. F.H. He was recognized by the Navy for his actions and awarded the Navy Cross. Todd has a Master in Public Policy from Harvard and a BA from Johns Hopkins in international studies. He was nominated for recognition for his actions on December 7, 1941, and the Pittsburgh Courier released a story on March 14, 1942 which gave his name as "Dorie Miller". [24] The photo caption stated that the Navy felt that Miller was "too important waiting tables in the Pacific" for him to return to the United States. Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox issued an official commendation for Miller for his actions but recommended against the Medal of Honor. April 9, 2017 By: Mark Loproto. He did his training at Naval Station Norfolk in Virginia, then was promoted to Mess Attendant Third Class, one of the few ratings open at the time to black sailors. On January 13, 1997, President Bill Clinton awarded the Medal to seven African-American World War II veterans; of these, only Vernon Baker was still alive. Eugene B. Fluckey, US Navy (4 awards and MOH) 4. “It wasn’t hard. White then loaded ammunition into both guns and assigned Miller the starboard gun. For his bravery, Miller was presented with the Navy Cross in May 1942. The USS Miller, a Knox-class frigate, was commissioned in 1973 and decommissioned in 1991. After three years without a recommendation from the military chain of command, the process becomes much harder, requiring consent from the Navy secretary to review the case, followed by legislation lifting the time limit, and finally a grant from the president. Copyright © 2020 The Dallas Morning News. The Navy Board of Awards received a recommendation that the sailor be considered for recognition. 125 more was awarded to Navy personnel. "[14], The ship was heavily damaged by bombs, torpedoes, and resulting explosions and fires, but the crew prevented her from capsizing by counter-flooding a number of compartments. The Honolulu Star-Advertiser first reported the news and it was confirmed Saturday by Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson, D-Dallas, a Waco native herself, who will speak at the ceremony. “Without him really knowing, he actually was a part of the civil rights movement because he changed the thinking in the Navy,” Ravenscroft said, adding that Miller acted without thought of any repercussions. In 2001, Cuba Gooding Jr. portrayed Miller in the movie Pearl Harbor. On January 1, 1942, the Navy released a list of commendations for actions on December 7. Bennion was only semi-conscious at this point and died soon afterward. Samuel David Dealey, US Navy (4 awards and Army DSC and MOH) 3. [1][3] He was featured on the 1943 Navy recruiting poster "Above and beyond the call of duty", designed by David Stone Martin. I think I got one of those [Japanese] planes. NAVY CROSS RECIPIENTS. President Donald Trump mentioned Miller last month in a proclamation for National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day: “In one remarkable act of bravery, Doris `Dorie’ Miller, a steward aboard the USS West Virginia, manned a machine gun and successfully shot down multiple Japanese aircraft despite not having been trained to use the weapon. Doris "Dorie" Miller (October 12, 1919 – November 24, 1943) was an American Sailor in the United States Navy. They were diving pretty close to us.”. [3], First African American to be awarded the Navy Cross, Office of War Information and Public Relations, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Recruit Training Command, Great Lakes, Illinois, Doris Miller Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, U. S. Naval Training and Distribution Center, "Navy to name aircraft carrier after black Pearl Harbor hero Doris Miller on MLK Day", "Next Ford-class Carrier to be Named After Pearl Harbor Hero Doris Miller", "Navy Will Name A Future Ford Class Aircraft Carrier After WWII Hero Doris Miller", "Doris Miller and his Navy Cross: a brief biography", "Beyond the Movie: Pearl Harbor: Ship's Cook Third Class Doris "Dorie" Miller", "Mess Attendant Turned Machine Gun on Japanese", "Negro Revealed as 'Messman Hero' at Pearl Harbor", "Identify Heroic Mess Attendant Who Manned Machine Gun Against Japs During Pearl Harbor Attack", "Negro Messboy Gets Navy Cross at Pearl Harbor", "Above and beyond the call of duty – Dorie Miller received the Navy Cross at Pearl Harbor, May 27, 1942,", "A Pearl Harbor Hero, Still Waiting for the Proper Recognition", "Doris Miller Memorial takes shape as donation gap remains", "War hero, civil rights hero: New Doris Miller bio widens view of Waco", "Groundbreaking held for riverside Doris Miller Memorial", "Phase I of Dorie Miller Park near completion", "Dorie Miller Recreation Center San Antonio", "A Military 1st: A Supercarrier Is Named After An African American Sailor", "Local Legion post named for Pearl Harbor hero", "Doris Miller Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center", "A Page From Our American Story: December 7, 1941 Heroes", "Treasure Island Medal of Honor Dedication: Orson Welles ABC KGO Broadcast Script and Photograph Lot", "Tora! He applied to join the Civilian Conservation Corps, but was not accepted. navy cross recipients U.S. Marine Corps Navy Cross recipients are listed by conflict. When the attack finally lessened, Miller helped move injured sailors through oil and water to the quarterdeck, thereby "unquestionably saving the lives of a number of people who might otherwise have been lost. He was commended in a letter signed by Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox on April 1, and the next day, CBS Radio broadcast an episode of the series They Live Forever, which dramatized Miller's actions. WASHINGTON — The Navy plans to name its newest supercarrier for World War II icon Doris “Dorie” Miller, the mess attendant from Waco who became a surprise hero of Pearl Harbor when he manned a machine gun that he and other black sailors had been excluded from using. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 03:49. [13] On June 27, the Pittsburgh Courier called for him to be allowed to return home for a war bond tour along with white war heroes. Amid the chaos and carnage, he took charge of an anti-aircraft battery. The first three already have names: Ford, John F. Kennedy and Enterprise. He went then to "Times Square", a central spot aboard the ship where the fore-to-aft and port-to-starboard passageways crossed, reporting himself available for other duty. There are over 2,800 Navy recipients listed below in alphabetical order. RANK CONFLICT Abel Rondo G Corporal World War II, 1941-1945 Adams Frederick L Gunnery Sergeant World War II, 1941-1945 Adams John P Lieutenant Colonel World War II, 1941-1945 Adcock Clinton M Private First Class World War II, 1941-1945 “I guess I fired her for about 15 minutes. He was the first black sailor to be awarded the medal, one of the Navy's highest honors. The Navy has maintained that Miller’s Navy Cross citation has been reviewed several times, including during a review conducted in 1988 and 1989 of World War II-era awards to African Americans. When the ammunition ran out, Miller helped the commander and others before the West Virginia sank. [3], On December 15, Miller was transferred to the heavy cruiser Indianapolis. I just pulled the trigger and she worked fine,” he recounted later. “He did what was needed in his way to defend the United States of America.”. [10] After training school, he was assigned to the ammunition ship Pyro and then transferred on January 2, 1940 to the battleship West Virginia. Miller was a crewman aboard the West Virginia and awoke at 6 a.m. on December 7, 1941. Medal. [29] His parents were informed that he was missing in action on December 7, 1943, two years after his heroic actions at Pearl Harbor. Authorized February 4, 1919, the Navy Cross was the Navy's third highest award for combat heroism and other distinguished services. U.S. Marine Corps Navy Cross Recipients, World War II, 1941-1945 Last Updated: September 12, 2013 LAST FIRST M.I. It may be awarded to any individual who, while serving in any capacity with the U.S Navy, distinguishes him or herself by extraordinary heroism in combat. On May 27, 1942, Miller was personally recognized by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet, aboard the aircraft carrier Enterprise in Pearl Harbor. The first congressional effort to prod the Navy to award the Medal of Honor came in 1942. Find recipients of the Purple Heart, Medal of Honor, and other military medals in our database of U.S. conflicts, including WW2, Vietnam, and the Gulf War. On March 12, 1942, an Associated Press story named Miller as the sailor, citing the African-American newspaper Pittsburgh Courier;[15] additional news reports credited Lawrence D. Reddick with learning the name through correspondence with the Navy Department. Doris 'Dorie' Miller, the first African-American recipient. [18], Miller was recognized as one of the "first US heroes of World War II". Miller died nearly two years after Pearl Harbor, serving aboard the USS Liscome Bay, an escort carrier torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine on Nov. 24, 1943, during the invasion of the Gilbert Islands. In July, he was on temporary duty aboard the Nevada at Secondary Battery Gunnery School. [9] Miller was officially declared dead by the Navy on November 25, 1944, a year and a day after the loss of Liscome Bay. Only the Medal of Honor comes before it in prestige. Pearl Harbor’s Medal of Honor Recipients. [13] Miller was not familiar with the weapon, but White and Delano instructed him on how to operate it. [9] Lieutenant Commander Doir C. Johnson, the ship's communications officer, spotted Miller and saw the potential of his powerful build, so he ordered him to accompany him to the bridge to assist in moving the captain, Mervyn Bennion, who had a gaping wound in his abdomen where he had apparently been hit by shrapnel. [19] The All-Southern Negro Youth Conference launched a signature campaign on April 17–19. [9], Miller worked on his father's farm until shortly before his 20th birthday, then enlisted in the United States Navy on September 16, 1939. [9] The "Battle Stations" alarm went off; Miller headed for his battle station, an anti-aircraft battery magazine amidships, only to discover that a torpedo had destroyed it. [22], Nimitz said of Miller's commendation, "This marks the first time in this conflict that such high tribute has been made in the Pacific Fleet to a member of his race and I'm sure that the future will see others similarly honored for brave acts."[3][21]. The Navy demands new evidence to reopen the file and reconsider the medal. The Navy Cross is the second highest military decoration for valor that may be awarded to a member of the United States Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard (when operating under the Department of the Navy) for extraordinary heroism in combat. Jun 7, 2015 - The Navy Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Navy, and is awarded for extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of the Medal of Honor. On April 4, the Pittsburgh Courier urged readers to write to members of the congressional Naval Affairs Committee in support of awarding the Medal of Honor to Miller. Note: We estimate that our data is 99.99% complete and accurate. Born on October 12, 1919 in Waco, Texas, Doris “Dorie” Miller was the first black person to receive the Navy Cross, the second highest honor awarded to a sailor. [4] Nearly two years after Pearl Harbor, he was killed in action when his ship Liscome Bay was sunk by a Japanese submarine during the Battle of Makin. In 1942, he was awarded the Navy Distinguished Service Cross for his bravery. The Navy Cross is awarded to Lieutenant (MC) Louis Iverson, U.S. Navy, for distinguished and courageous service in volunteering to go in a boat from the U.S.S. . On May 11, President Roosevelt approved the Navy Cross for Miller.[20]. He was a fullback on the football team at Waco's A.J. Roy M. Davenport, US Navy (5 awards, World War II) 2. Navy Cross Recipients, World War II, 1941-1945 Last Updated: June 17, 2015 LAST I, 5th USCT. Tora! The new $15 billion aircraft carrier will be the most advanced and costliest in the U.S. fleet. “I have lobbied the Department of the Navy about as much as I know how to lobby them,” she told The Dallas Morning News in December 2016, shortly before the 75th anniversary of the Pearl Harbor attack on Dec. 7, 1941. Five months later, Fleet Adm. Chester Nimitz awarded him the Navy Cross on the deck of one of the fleet’s surviving carriers, the USS Enterprise. There are over 2,800 Navy recipients listed below in alphabetical order. He was the first black American to be awarded the Navy Cross, the second highest decoration for valor awarded by the Navy, after the Medal of Honor. [11] Since then, some writers have suggested that it was a "nickname to shipmates and friends."[9]. The senior surviving officer aboard the West Virginia, Cmdr. On January 19, 2020, the Navy announced that CVN-81 would be named after him, a Gerald R. Ford–class aircraft carrier scheduled to be laid down in 2023 and launched in 2028. [16] In the following days, Senator James M. Mead (D-NY) introduced a Senate bill [S.Res. Todd became Washington Bureau Chief in 2009 and has covered East Texas, Dallas City Hall and politics since joining The News in 1989. Japanese aircraft eventually dropped two armor-piercing bombs through the deck of the battleship and launched five 18-inch (460 mm) aircraft torpedoes into her port side. The carrier to be named for Miller has been designated CVN-81. All rights reserved. On May 10, the National Negro Congress denounced Knox's recommendation against awarding Miller the Medal of Honor. Niagara to the assistance of the British troopship City of Vienna, ashore on Black Rock, on July 2, 1918. There are 127 recipients from the Navy (124), Army (1) and Foreign Service (2) to receive the Navy Cross for acts of valor during the war in Vietnam. The most tersely worded citation accompanied the only other Navy Cross, awarded to a Marine gunnery sergeant. On November 23, 1942, Miller returned to Pearl Harbor and was ordered on a war bond tour while still attached to Indianapolis. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had asked President Franklin D. Roosevelt to award the Distinguished Service Cross to the unknown black sailor. He was recognized by the Navy for his actions and awarded the Navy Cross. (On August 7, 1942, Congress revised the order of precedence, placing the Navy Cross above the Distinguished Service Medal in precedence.) Listed by conflict were 491 Navy Crosses received for actions in the center, to represent the Navy service... Review of files, the Navy Cross recipients are listed alphabetically by last name along their! King Jr. Day — at a ceremony in Honolulu were 491 Navy received... And was the Navy Frank Knox issued an official commendation for Miller for actions... And Lt. F.H white then loaded ammunition into both guns and assigned Miller the Medal of Honor a aboard. Third highest award for combat heroism and other Distinguished services recipients U.S. Corps... With nearly 50 knot winds officer aboard the West Virginia, Cmdr squirrel hunting a... 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