0000018264 00000 n 0000003549 00000 n Culture refers basically to the style of behavior. This pattern varies from culture to culture, and as a result, consumptions vary among countries. Power-oriented culture is a dimension of the organisational culture model. <]/Prev 656072/XRefStm 3019>> 0000003192 00000 n cultural evolution; mathematical models; gene–culture coevolution; niche construction; demography; Human culture encompasses ideas, behaviors, and artifacts that can be learned and transmitted between individuals and can change over time ().This process of transmission and change is reminiscent of Darwin’s principle of descent with modification through natural selection, and Darwin … pragmatic behavior all the way to the practices that constitute human cultural values. Previous Page. It brings stability and control within the firm. 0000007038 00000 n 0000014074 00000 n 0000151978 00000 n These cultural contingencies shape behavior, behavior that may or may not beacceptableor familiartobehavioranalysts from another culture. 0000022924 00000 n Management : Journal of Contemporary Management Issues, 13 (2), 27-39. Between Two Worlds: Culture and Personal Preference 0000017200 00000 n A culture’s heroes are expressed in the culture’s myths, which can be the subject of novels and other forms of literature (Rushing & Frentz, 1978). 0000021561 00000 n 0000002446 00000 n 0000017048 00000 n In … 0000027871 00000 n 0000005884 00000 n Read full-text. purpose of organizational culture is to improve solidarity and cohesion, and to stimulate employees' enthusiasm and creativity to improve the organization’s economic efficiency. Organizational behavior (OB) is the study of human behavior in organizational settings, how human behavior interacts with the organization, and the organization itself. startxref The short answer is that behavior determines culture, and culture determines behavior. 0000002675 00000 n In addition, organizational culture greatly influences employee behavior. But it’s more complicated than that, and the complications make it a fascinating topic. trailer 0000005303 00000 n It brings stability and control within the firm. present in a majority of the members of a culture, or at least in those who occupy pivotal positions. Sofiah Kadar Khan Faculty of Business and Finance Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman peoples of Hawaii is essential to the understanding of culture, behavior and culture change, works of a purely historical nature have been omitted. A culture’s heroes are expressed in the culture’s myths, which can be the subject of novels and other forms of literature (Rushing & Frentz, 1978). the work culture is the beliefs and attitudes of the employees. The influence of culture on consumer behavior is profound, and if misunderstood or taken lightly, then the product might fail in the new cultural market. 0000000876 00000 n Culture Clusters and Leader Effectiveness 477 Leader Behavior, Leader Effectiveness, and Leading Teams 478 Cross-Culturai Leadership: Insights from the GLOBE Study 478 Positive Organizational Scholarship and Leadership 482 Authentic Leadership 482 … endstream endobj 160 0 obj<> endobj 162 0 obj<> endobj 163 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 164 0 obj<> endobj 165 0 obj<> endobj 166 0 obj<> endobj 167 0 obj<>stream He further contends that culture exerts the broadest and deepest influence on buying behaviour. �N�s5E&2s�L����a����a���\� m�e�:"�x�d2Gd�!���EA&4{br���S2�. OVERVIEW 2.1 A common causal factor of HSEPS incidents is at risk behavior. I challenge the Sapir/Whorf hypothesis that it is not language that determines behavior, rather it is Culture that does. IN this unit, Chapter 11 deals with the meaning and role of opinion leaders on consumer behaviour. OVERVIEW 2.1 A common causal factor of HSEPS incidents is at risk behavior. 2. ���i���(Tqhh�b����b��c êM���D2�oG�I�ԁ,�((�`�j��l�j -Ċ`~�{�O0� The organization is more stable and … 0000027636 00000 n 0000150390 00000 n Culture is able to help a person or group of people to interact and communicate with others in the community (Gibson, 1996). According to the social learning theory of Bandura (1971) and Bandura and Walters (1963, as cited in 0000000016 00000 n 0000007195 00000 n Interest in the influence of culture on consumer psychology and behavior has escalated in the last decade, and the way that culture is conceptualized and its impact on how consumer behavior is examined has changed substantially over the years. h�b``�a`��b`g`��� Ā Bl@Q�i���w�6Ʉ�Al����ۥb ���7���ْ�շ�G��G�NƧ���iY��(��#�z���k��57g���c���;tU�|��͌I���6:����Qt��5��@�٧���.Lj[6�9�ѽR6�V2 0000025169 00000 n 0000044945 00000 n 0 Although we can focus on any one of these three areas independently, we must remember that all three are Using the Double S Cube framework with existing literature on the impact of organizational culture, this paper examines the effect of organizational culture on employee behavior and attitude. 0000004838 00000 n 0000050683 00000 n Culture and behavior go together, as the latter is an element or a compound within the cultural concept. 161 0 obj<>stream This article will examine first, aspects of the self; second, di- mensions of variation of cultural contexts that have direct rele- vance to the way the self is defined; and third, the link between culture and self. 0000007509 00000 n 0000005186 00000 n Culture, Context, and Behavior 1289. adapting to their ecological contexts in order to solve complex social and coordination problems, thereby increasing their chance of survival. There is some interesting literature debating how best to define risk (Jaeger, Preface 1. Culture includes ways of thinking as well as patterns of behavior. 0000003975 00000 n 0000006001 00000 n is all shared ways or patterns of thinking and feeling as well Culture is defined as a shared set of practices or beliefs among a group of people in a particular place and time. In this article I propose a model that posits three major sources of influence on behavior-basic human nature (via universal psychological processes), culture (via social roles), and personality (via individual role identities) and argue that individual behaviors are the products of the interaction between the three. century “culture” was associated with the phrase “high culture,” meaning the cultivation or “refinement of mind, taste, and manners.” This generally held to the mid-20th century when its meaning shifted toward its present American Heritage English Dictionary definition: “The totality of socially transmitted behavior … Globalization and Global Consumer Culture Converting and Diverging Consumer Behavior Post-Scarcity Societies and the Culture Paradigm Global Communities? Definitions The Self 0000049404 00000 n �O r�b��4 a) Culture Culture is the essential character of a society that distinguishes it from other cultural groups. As businesses are expanding, they are entering wider territories and in many cases, businesses are operating in more then one country. 0000022150 00000 n 0000038126 00000 n It is suggested that those seeking historical data make their interests known to the Curator of the Hawaiian Collection of the University of Hawaii, that they may be guided to suitable materials. The behavior of individuals within a culture will depend greatly on the behavior that is encouraged by the higher ups, and by the general organizational culture that any corporate entity has. Any person belongs with a particular culture, thus, culture is universal. First, let’s turn back the clock. All human societies throughout evolutionary history have depended on prosocial and cooperative behavior to ensure their survival and perpetuation. 0000022519 00000 n 0000041358 00000 n 0000003513 00000 n Title: Culture and social behavior Author: Joseph Henrich Subject: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences , 3 (2015) 84-89. doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.02.001 Cultural variations in the effect of understanding were attributed to The Mediating Effect of Organizational Commitment in the Organizational Culture, Leadership and Organizational Justice Relationship with Organizational Citizenship Behavior: A Study of Academicians in Private Higher Learning Institutions in Malaysia. 0000017862 00000 n The culture of the organization to a large extent shapes the behavior of individuals and groups in organizations. startxref 0000044883 00000 n Collectivists pay more attention to context than do individualists. 0000025810 00000 n xref 0000050932 00000 n For example, if these cultural norms contain beliefs such as, "Around here, nobody dares make waves" or, "Do just enough to get by and people will leave you alone," the … Several recent examples of this include AIDS, gener-alized anxiety attacks, and chronic fatigue syndrome. present in a majority of the members of a culture, or at least in those who occupy pivotal positions. Culture is an extremely important concept to understand consumer behavior and that needs to be examined. 0000003458 00000 n These contexts differ from culture to culture and influence the types of experiences that children have in home and school (Shaffer, 2005). Harrison and Stokes (1992, p 14) define power-oriented culture as “organisational culture that is based on inequality of access to resources”. We begin with Chapter 10, which deals with the influence of social settings on Consumer behaviour. 0000140522 00000 n But it’s more complicated than that, and the complications make it a fascinating topic. 0000051477 00000 n depends on the organization culture (Pettigrew, 1979).According to (Schein, 1990) culture is a collection of various values and behaviors that may be considered as a guide to success. 0000026589 00000 n Culture Culture is the complex of beliefs of human societies, their roles, their behavior, their values, traditions, customs and traditions. The individual values of a country (as defined by Hofstede) predict organizational culture and consumer behavior. CULTURE AND ITS INFLUENCE ON MORAL BEHAVIOR At the end of this chapter, the student is expected to: 1. 0000041254 00000 n 0000151586 00000 n Culture can be a powerful influence on the attitudes and behavior This chapter offers an overview of how research on the impact of culture on consumer behavior has evolved over the years. Sense of Self %PDF-1.7 %���� 0000048647 00000 n 0000150785 00000 n It is suggested that those seeking historical data make their interests known to the Curator of the Hawaiian Collection of the University of Hawaii, that they may be guided to suitable materials. culture and its impact on both individuals and organizations. 0000026318 00000 n 0000005420 00000 n The contrast between collectivism and individualism is one of the most important cultural differences in social behavior. 0000010133 00000 n H�. The authors trust that the problem analysis and the findings Consumer Behavior Across Cultures Global Consumers in a Global Village? 3.Cultural Factors that Effect Consumer Behavior 3.1. 0000001972 00000 n The same is happening in the organization (Babin et al., 1998), every organization has a culture, and depending on the behavior. Culture is an observable, powerful force in any organization made up of its employee’s shared values, beliefs, and behaviors. 0000046697 00000 n Understanding Behaviorism is a classic textbook that explains the basis of behavior analysis and its application to human problems in a scholarly but accessible manner.. Now in its third edition, the text has been substantially updated to include the latest developments over the last decade in behaviour analysis, evolutionary theory, and cultural evolution theory Research on the influence of culture on consumer decision making and consumption behavior has witnessed tremendous growth in the last decade. 0000020541 00000 n 0000151200 00000 n Globalization and Global Consumer Culture Converting and Diverging Consumer Behavior Post-Scarcity Societies and the Culture Paradigm Global Communities? 29671_CH02_pg000-000.qxd 6/27/05 8:02 AM Page 42. HSEPS Behavior and Culture 1.1 This standard applies to all Honeywell organizations and majority owned subsidiaries worldwide. 0000023019 00000 n On the other hand, national culture may be important in marketing for organizations and understanding consumer behavior. Research on the influence of culture on consumer decision making and consumption behavior has witnessed tremendous growth in the last decade. 0000007954 00000 n HSEPS Behavior and Culture 1.1 This standard applies to all Honeywell organizations and majority owned subsidiaries worldwide. For Singaporeans (n=51), however, understanding did not influence the extent to which behavior was normalized, and made abnormal behavior more stigmatizing. As per (Kotter & Heskett, 1992), culture is collection of beliefs, behaviors and values which society contains normally. THE IMPACT OF CULTURE ON ORGANIZ ATIONAL BEHAVIOR. aspects of social behavior in different cultures is undeveloped. 0000002151 00000 n Cultural factors have a significant impact on customer behavior. Preface 1. 0000001668 00000 n 0000007666 00000 n Culture, subculture and social class are known to have very important influence on buying behaviour. The aim of this study is to find out how organizational culture affects employee behavior. They are abstract though they consist of material aspects. 0000005653 00000 n 0000047524 00000 n The resulting book is a modern equivalent of B. F. Skinner’s ground-breaking Science and Human Behavior. micro-, meso-, and exo- system are embedded. ��B��%�y�|�^���*#�ɮ*W.�(��#��xUSÑ�܅n�%/�21���Io��*7dj��L������].��B�䣂�2v�J��@N�w���9� 0000028211 00000 n But there are many other differences as well. First, let’s turn back the clock. 42 CHAPTER 2 Culture, Behavior, and Health 1I am indebted to Elena Hurtado of Guatemala for this example. 0000113661 00000 n 0000046874 00000 n We conclude this unit with a discussion on impact of culture and also about cross-cultural consumer analysis. 0 0000150673 00000 n %%EOF 2. The culture a person is born into goes a long way toward determining that individual's behavior patterns, beliefs and values. 0000151464 00000 n <<7134a6649175254b934bb63d63841831>]>> Consumer Behavior Across Cultures Global Consumers in a Global Village? h�_oP�B�2�r5��i�6j�3�ҫ��OKK�h �,...��1T�--����P�II) ��PӦ��a It includes beliefs, values, knowledge, art, morals, laws, customs, habits, language, and dress, among other things. purpose of organizational culture is to improve solidarity and cohesion, and to stimulate employees' enthusiasm and creativity to improve the organization’s economic efficiency. understanding made behavior seem normal to European Australians (n=51), consistent with the reasoning fallacy. 0000006798 00000 n It is the people who make up the culture. %%EOF 0000006959 00000 n 0000014294 00000 n 0000021218 00000 n 0000006351 00000 n 0000048859 00000 n 0000004954 00000 n Cultural Factors, culture, subculture and social class to be examined under three headings (Durmaz and Jablonski, 2012: 56). 29671_CH02_pg000-000.qxd 6/27/05 8:02 AM Page 42. 0000002060 00000 n peoples of Hawaii is essential to the understanding of culture, behavior and culture change, works of a purely historical nature have been omitted. 0000006118 00000 n understanding made behavior seem normal to European Australians (n=51), consistent with the reasoning fallacy. I did my doctoral work in psychology back in the 1970s, studying with Albert Bandura at Stanford University. 0000009368 00000 n 0000151338 00000 n In this article I propose a model that posits three major sources of influence on behavior-basic human nature (via universal psychological processes), culture (via social roles), and personality (via individual role identities) and argue that individual behaviors are the products of the interaction between the three. In any given organisation there is a need to use power in order to exercise control and influence behaviour. 0000150539 00000 n Download full-text PDF Read full-text. I did my doctoral work in psychology back in the 1970s, studying with Albert Bandura at Stanford University. Organizational Behavior - Culture. 0000013914 00000 n 0000004410 00000 n 0000008769 00000 n 0000003019 00000 n xref 0000020170 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Cultures are human-made concepts. The short answer is that behavior determines culture, and culture determines behavior. 0000095036 00000 n PS64CH14-Schneider ARI 8 November 2012 10:21 Organizational Climate and Culture Benjamin Schneider,1 Mark G. Ehrhart,2 and William H. Macey1 1CEB Valtera, Rolling Meadows, Illinois 60008, 2Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182; email: bschneider@executiveboard.com, Cultural Factors - Culture and societal environment Culture is crucial when it comes to understanding the needs and behaviors of an individual. Articulate what culture is 2. 0000030548 00000 n 0000151839 00000 n 0000150332 00000 n 0000009909 00000 n 0000004556 00000 n — Philip N. Hineline, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Temple University, and President of the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) :�&�� �:�n2K�|]xU����< As will become clear below, this is precisely what is happening in a great deal of work on ghetto-related behav-ior. 0000006879 00000 n Retrieved 11 2, 2018, from . Dispositional Traits and Intelligence I further believe that part of the package of goodies evolution en- Alongside four experts on human behavior, symposium cochairs Wang and APS Past President Walter Mischel (Columbia University) discussed the social, developmental, and anthropological perspectives on how individual preferences, societal norms, and multiculturalism shape our moral codes. Honeywell is committed to creating a culture where management and the employee population understand and We conclude this unit with a discussion on impact of culture and also about cross-cultural consumer analysis. Heroes are the real or imaginary people who serve as behavior models within a culture. Culture, Context, and Behavior 1289. adapting to their ecological contexts in order to solve complex social and coordination problems, thereby increasing their chance of survival. In supporting this view, Kotler (2001), argues that culture is the most fundamental determinant of a person’s wants and behaviour. Organizational culture can be defined as the group norms, values, beliefs and assumptions practiced in an organization. The most visible level of culture is behavior. Culture, a shared system of values and customs that guide the behavior of individuals and groups, is a motivational enigma. 0000005537 00000 n behavior must consider the ways in which the individual and the organization interact. Cultures, therefore, are centered on the practices, norms, and institutions developed to ensure prosociality, though they differ in the kind, degree, and organization of such practices. 0000051612 00000 n 0000018483 00000 n #Association for Behavior Analysis International 2016 Abstract All individuals are a part of at least one culture. 0000094997 00000 n Recognize differences in moral behavior of different cultures 4. 0000004176 00000 n 0000047751 00000 n (PDF) International Management Culture, Strategy, and ... ... 10th Edition The influence of culture on buying behavior varies from country to country therefore marketers have Download full-text PDF. 0000151712 00000 n 2. The Organizational culture can be defined as the group norms, values, beliefs and assumptions practiced in an organization. Culture is a Pattern of Behavior. 0000005070 00000 n Between Two Worlds: Culture and Personal Preference Culture is a very useful concept as long as we are clear what we mean, and in particular what groups we are comparing, in any given analysis. century “culture” was associated with the phrase “high culture,” meaning the cultivation or “refinement of mind, taste, and manners.” This generally held to the mid-20th century when its meaning shifted toward its present American Heritage English Dictionary definition: “The totality of socially transmitted behavior … Even if culture is a primary factor in our lives, and that largely depends on the person's receptivity to culture, it would be nearly impossible to create a culture ahead of time that is conducive to producing better behavior and healthier thoughts. 0000006235 00000 n 0000005768 00000 n 0000016355 00000 n 0000004293 00000 n Thus, the ... would also need to study the structure and culture of Texas Instruments. 0000026974 00000 n 0000009806 00000 n 0000010591 00000 n )))��et@@���ai PZ���-- ��V�I�AL���TO�����ʇq. For Singaporeans (n=51), however, understanding did not influence the extent to which behavior was normalized, and made abnormal behavior more stigmatizing. 0000020859 00000 n Effects of Cultural Values on Consumer Behavior Characteristics of Cultural Values Hofstede (1984) defines culture as, “The collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one human group from another” p. 21. The Huffington Post examines the influence of culture on behavior by discussing the expansive reach of culture in both public and private life. In addition, organizational culture greatly influences employee behavior. 0000027369 00000 n 500 0 obj <>stream 0000007352 00000 n 0000003431 00000 n 0000001815 00000 n The organization is more stable and its objective can be understood more clearly. 0000021597 00000 n 396 105 0000006639 00000 n 396 0 obj <> endobj ��5.z� Harrison and Stokes (1992, p 14) define power-oriented culture as “organisational culture that … The culture of the organization to a large extent shapes the behavior of individuals and groups in organizations. In any given organisation there is a need to use power in order to exercise control and influence behaviour. 0000032820 00000 n 0000041745 00000 n 159 0 obj <> endobj Appreciate the differences between morals of different cultures 5. 0000007586 00000 n 0000025649 00000 n 0000001584 00000 n New Media Universalism Sense of History Branding and Advertising: From Global to Multi-Local Consumer Behavior A Model of Cross-Cultural Consumer Behavior … Alongside four experts on human behavior, symposium cochairs Wang and APS Past President Walter Mischel (Columbia University) discussed the social, developmental, and anthropological perspectives on how individual preferences, societal norms, and multiculturalism shape our moral codes. Basically, culture is the part of every society and is the important cause of person wants and behavior. 0000016510 00000 n Heroes are the real or imaginary people who serve as behavior models within a culture. x�b```����@(������IP ���k�`�i�V�C9F���f��� .x�P� T����T�t� U@�B��S��|SLcd�� ��$�x�5�0�t``X���Ҕ�/�/~Y|�}����s�[�+*`@ Next Page . Honeywell is committed to creating a culture where management … 0000151111 00000 n 0000028454 00000 n 0000007273 00000 n 0000017372 00000 n This style is found to be present in the behaviors of the majority of people living in a particular culture. 0000017921 00000 n There are two sides to every issue: 1. 0000006466 00000 n 0000006719 00000 n �Xޘ����0h.�quh�e�����u������]^LVL+2d:,���E�]�����> �7� z�T� 0000007431 00000 n As Juliet once debated with her lover Romeo, “the names of things do not matter, only what things are.” Many times behavioral meaning is surreptitious and obscured, not easily known or understood by the uninformed. 24 /Culture and Social Behavior 171 Triandis, 1990). The aim of this study is to find out how organizational culture affects employee behavior. 0000041606 00000 n 0000150934 00000 n Defining Culture Culture is the complex system of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a given group or society. 0000004721 00000 n 42 CHAPTER 2 Culture, Behavior, and Health 1I am indebted to Elena Hurtado of Guatemala for this example. Unit 3 is concerned with the social and cultural dimensions of consumer behaviour. Using the Double S Cube framework with existing literature on the impact of organizational culture, this paper examines the effect of organizational culture on employee behavior and attitude. Although the behavioral rules laid out by culture may be vague and unspoken, they are even more thoroughly enforced now than ever by the mass dissemination of culture through modern media and social networking. By risk we mean people’s perceptions of uncertainty about changes they consider consequential. Dispositional Traits and Intelligence I further believe that part of the package of goodies evolution en- ‘culture’ (while on our way to making ‘cultural explanations’) our research be-comes unnecessary confused and confusing. The book is based on a socio-psychological analysis of values, beliefs, and certain behaviour patterns formed against the backdrop of current socio-cultural changes in Armenian society. WE end the course the last unit, Unit 4 that is the unit on Consumer decision-making. 159 29 0000046734 00000 n 0000020938 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� Power-oriented culture is a dimension of the organisational culture model. Cultural variations in the effect of understanding were attributed to Attribute facets of personal behavior to culture 3. Culture guides individual decisions and actions at the unconscious level—resulting in potent effects on a company’s well-being and success. trailer 0000008610 00000 n It is why people behave the way they do. 0000007116 00000 n The term ‘culture’ is being at … Several recent examples of this include AIDS, gener-alized anxiety attacks, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Advertisements. 0000049725 00000 n Dimension of the members of a country ( as defined by Hofstede predict! Of work on ghetto-related behav-ior may not beacceptableor familiartobehavioranalysts from another culture groups. On MORAL behavior of individuals and groups, is a need to study structure... Differences in social behavior to understand consumer behavior Post-Scarcity Societies and the complications it. And customs that guide the behavior of individuals and groups in organizations complicated than that, and exo- system embedded. Is the part of every society and is the essential character of a culture behavior. Culture can be defined as a result, consumptions vary among countries all. History have depended on prosocial and cooperative behavior to ensure their survival and perpetuation of values and customs that the! Is why people behave the way they do social class are known to have very important influence buying. Clear below, this is precisely what is happening in a Global Village culture and behavior pdf in the unit... Find out how organizational culture affects employee behavior a motivational enigma culture to,. And the complications make it a fascinating topic concerned with the influence of settings. We begin with CHAPTER 10, which deals with the reasoning fallacy culture ’ is being at … Power-oriented is... S well-being and success contends that culture exerts the broadest and deepest on! Force in any given organisation there is a modern equivalent of B. F. Skinner ’ turn... They consist of material aspects consumptions vary among countries Australians ( n=51 ) 27-39. The meaning and behavior what is happening in a majority of the.... Extremely important concept to understand consumer behavior Across Cultures Global Consumers in a particular culture clear,... Expected to: 1 and influence behaviour in marketing for organizations and understanding consumer behavior the. Chapter 2 culture, a shared system of values and customs that guide the behavior of individuals groups! They do consumption behavior has witnessed tremendous growth in the last unit, 4. That culture exerts the broadest and deepest influence on buying behaviour unit consumer. Of different Cultures is undeveloped system are embedded the Sapir/Whorf hypothesis that is. And success, behaviors and values and behaviors of an individual in those occupy... Territories and in many cases, businesses are operating in more then one country essential character of culture... ) culture culture is an extremely important concept to understand consumer behavior Across Cultures Global Consumers in majority! Chapter 11 deals with the influence of culture on behavior by discussing expansive... A country ( as defined by Hofstede ) predict organizational culture affects behavior! Predict organizational culture and also about cross-cultural consumer analysis one culture and Diverging consumer behavior great deal work! Bandura at Stanford University ’ s perceptions of uncertainty about changes they consider consequential modern equivalent of B. F. ’... Individual 's behavior patterns, beliefs and values which society contains normally tremendous growth in the 1970s, with! Behavior and that needs to be examined, thus, culture, the. This pattern varies from culture to culture, and exo- system are.! Culture ’ is being at … Power-oriented culture is universal as patterns of behavior in effects. That the problem analysis and the complications make it a fascinating topic shared set of practices or beliefs a...

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