The main difference between archaeologists and anthropologists is that archaeologists find and excavate the artifacts of ancient people, while anthropologists excavate the tombs of ancient people. In contrast, archaeology is an academic discipline focused on understanding and gaining knowledge about past human cultures and civilizations. in different communities. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Ethnography is a result of ethnology that is another sociological study in which we try to understand the various reasons for why and how people in the past and the present differ from each other. Archaeologists are concerned with past social life and ways, so archaeology is often viewed as anthropology and social science. Read More. However, because cultural anthropology studies cultures that exist today and archaeology studies cultures of the past, the methodology of each discipline is considerably different. in the respective study. The socio-cultural anthropologist may use his voice and ears, and the archaeologist uses science and logic, but both contribute to the complete understanding of the human condition. 2 Features Archaeology and anthropology together encompass the study of humankind from the origins of the human species to the present day. Main Difference – Historian vs Archaeologist The difference between historian and archaeologist mainly stems from their two respective fields, history and archeology. About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, The Difference between Anthropology and Archaeology Explained, The Difference between Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, Upper Midwest History the Middle Archaic Period, The History of Glassmaking Obsidian Helium Quartz Blowing Core Base Method Cylinder Method. This can be said because, cultural anthropology involves living with and observing surviving cultures of today (called ethnographic studies), and archaeological anthropology involves using those ethnographic studies to get insight on how ancient civilizations lived and worked when trying to interpret objects excavated. History is the study of past, and it is studied or analyzed through the written records of the past. Both disciplines have a long history: archaeology grew from 18th-century antiquarianism, while anthropology began even earlier in the first days of colonial encounter. Each of these subfields tackles a different facet of human existence, and none of these can exclusively be called “anthropology;” however, in common speech, the term “anthropology” often refers to the socio-cultural discipline. Difference Between a Historian & an Archaeologist. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } He/she is always interested in digging up the history of man over a million of years ago and traces the development of the human to the present. Both intend to find out as much as possible about a culture and the ways that members of a society function within that culture. Let us analyse them in more detail. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. If you want to focus on a particular area within the more scientific side of Anthropology, you should pursue the BS. Biological anthropologists study how humans adapt to different environments and causes of human disease or death. However, the key difference between both is that the anthropology is the study of man, both in the present and past. An archaeologist, on the other hand, has no such luxury. © 2017 Actforlibraries.org | All rights reserved Other times, mammoth pillars of stone jut out of the jungle, marking the spot where people once lived. Archaeology and Anthropology are both disciplines of Social science and study of human societies. The difference between forensic archaeologists and forensic anthropologists is that where forensic anthropologists are trained specifically in human osteology and recovery of human remains, forensic archaeologists specialize more broadly in the processes of search and discovery. Both together make the word Anthropology conveying the idea of the study of mankind. Anthropologists often integrate. Rural Settlement in the Neo-Assyrian Empire Both these terms are Sociological terms and simply we can identify them as the studies of humans and human nature. • Anthropology mainly deals with humans whereas ethnography is more concerned about the culture and way of living in a particular community. The primary goal of anthropology is to understand human diversity and cultural difference, while sociology is more solution-oriented with the goal of fixing social problems through policy. The major interest of this field is to investigate details on the past and present status of human beings. Although anthropologists and archaeologists are involved in research of the past, the specific things they study and do differ. However, they two are different in many aspects. The term Anthropology was derived from a Greek word. As the culture is changed over the time, ethnology studies the dynamics of these changing cultures and also they study about the inter-cultural relationships. By contrast, archaeology is more focused on studying the cultures and remains of human beings in the past. Cultural anthropologists study societies -- how people interact, the rules they make for living together and the pe… An anthropologist deals with the field of all mankind, how they developed in mind and body from primitive cultures and early forms. An archaeologist will find a place where it is likely that a group of people lived, and then set about methodically searching for the material remains of those people. In Greek, anthropos means “man” and logos stands for “study”. If you want a broad overview of Anthropology as a discipline or if you want to focus on the more humanistic side of Anthropology, the BA is for you. The major interest of this field is to investigate details on the past and present status of human beings. Historians and archaeologists are professionals who specialize in researching historic events, cultures and sites. Forensic anthropology, in short, is a specialty that applies physical anthropology and osteology, the study of human bones, to the law. An archaeologist is a person who studies past human cultures by analyzing artifacts, architecture, and cultural places. In these descriptions, the ethnologist may not just report what h/she gathers but they ask the questions why and how these things also happen . Both these are very important fields in Sociology and they have answered a lot of questions that arose about the mankind over the past years. An archaeologist deals with the field work that might consist of digging and restoring artifacts, or human-made objects, from ancient ruins. In most U.S. universities and a few other Western societies, archaeology is considered to be a component of anthropology. It has a particular emphasis with cultures because it is a sub-specialization of anthropology (studying various human cultures regardless of time). As nouns the difference between anthropology and pathology is that anthropology is the holistic scientific and social study of humanity, mainly using ethnography as its method while pathology is (medicine) the branch of medicine concerned with the study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. Careful calculations, soil samplings, carbon dating, and a host of other scientific tests done over many decades are what is required to shed any light on the cultures of the past. The ethnography is the record of each and every detail the ethnologist collects and writes. • Ethnography is the detailed account that the ethnologist prepares after his/her studies. The main difference between Sociology and Anthropology is that sociology focuses on things at a macro-level while, anthropology does that at a micro-level. The difference between the two degrees lies in how they are structured. It, therefore, emphasizes approaches from biological anthropology and archaeology, and derives theoretical guidance from both cultural anthropology and evolutionary biology. Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management. archaeologists concentrate on the physical artifacts, while anthropologists concentrate on early societies and how they changed over time. Filed Under: Education Tagged With: Anthropology, anthropology and ethnography, Anthropology and Ethnography Differences, anthropology definition, ethnography, ethnography definition, Ethnology. Archaeology as a field of study can be categorized as social science and a branch of the humanities. Both these terms are Sociological terms and simply we can identify them as the studies of humans and human nature. Anthropology is a multidisciplinary approach to the study of human beings. These ethnographies reflect the knowledge and the living system of a cultural group and always the ethnography deals with empirical data. They will eat, sleep, talk, laugh, dance, and play with the people that they are studying. Today, professional archaeologists study both the prehistoric and the historic period, although those who study the distant past are more likely to be anthropologists than archaeologists. 1. archaeologists find and excavate the artifacts of ancient people, while anthropologists excavate the tombs of ancient people. 2. archaeologists concentrate on the physical artifacts, while anthropologists concentrate on early societies and how they changed over time. They analyze skeletal remains and artifacts, such as tools, pottery, cave paintings, and ruins of buildings. However, anthropology is one of the major and important field in Sociology. Sociology is more solution-oriented and tries fixing social problems, while anthropology tries to understand cultural diversities. Often a cultural anthropologist will go to their chosen field with a specific question in mind that will help them better explore universal elements of the human condition such as birth, death, family relations, or taboo. An anthropologist may well have a satellite phone and GPS – but they’re just two additional facts that stand them apart from their hosts, along … Sometimes a stone projectile point or a broken bit of pottery poking out of the side of a mound is the only indication of a possible site. Anthropology has a holistic approach towards its studies. A cultural anthropologist typically will pick a culture or demographic that interests them, and then will live within the confines of that group of people for anywhere from six to twenty-four months. The field of anthropology includes archaeology, biological, cultural and linguistic anthropology. In other words, one who studies archaeology is called an archaeologist. They are different, however, in the types of societies they study: archaeologists collect information about past civilizations, while anthropologists investigate both … The researcher who is engaged in these studies is called the Anthropologist. The American Anthropological Association reports that cultural anthropology emphasizes participant observation as a research technique. Anthropology is a vast area of study that looks deep into the historical era worldwide. This field is also occupied by linguistic anthropologists and biological or physical anthropologists. Usually, the way of thinking and acting vary from one person to another as well as from one culture to another culture. Difference Between Archaeology And Post-Processual Archaeology. In the end, the socio-cultural anthropologist and the archaeologist have the same goal of discovering as much as possible about humans’ existence and experiences. Most of the modern day anthropologists specialize in one of these fields and continue their researches. As a result of these studies, we have got the ability to understand and compare the present situation with the past. In regions like North America, it is categorized as a field of study within Anthropology, whereas in Europe it is often treated as a field of study on its own or a sub-field in other fields of study. Processual Archaelogist often get a lot of slack because there look at the artifacts and less about the social aspects of archaeology. • Anthropology has its holistic approach to man whereas ethnography attempts to understand why and how people differ from past to present based on their thinking and acting. They both belong to the larger academic field of anthropology, the study of all human experience. An archaeologist and anthropologist are both researchers who study human societies. ... United States have been trained in one of four areas: sociocultural anthropology, biological (physical) anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics. The socio-cultural anthropologist may use his voice and ears, and the archaeologist uses science and logic, but both contribute to the complete understanding of the human condition. Anthropologists conduct research using ethnography (a qualitative research method), while sociologists use both qualitative and quantitative methods. The main difference between archaeology and anthropology is that archaeology is the study of past civilizations while anthropology is the study of both contemporary cultures and their historical origins. All anthropologists study human cultures, but their perspectives are different.
Archaeologists may study skeletal remains as part of their studies of past civilizations, but their interests extend beyond human remains to include other materials from past cultures, including buildings, tools, animal remains and other artifacts. However, the key difference between both is that the anthropology is the study of man, both in the present and past. The main difference between archaeologists and anthropologists is that archaeologists find and excavate the artifacts of ancient people, while anthropologists excavate the tombs of ancient people. Hence, ethnology mostly deals with the patterns of behavior of people in terms of customs, organizations, political and economic systems, art and music, etc. In the end, the socio-cultural anthropologist and the archaeologist have the same goal of discovering as much as possible about humans’ existence and experiences. All rights reserved. Another important thing that this study looks for is how the individuals react to the cultural changes and what the impact of those changes on people is. When we take anthropology and ethnography, it is clear that both of these are parts of Sociology and they deal with the mankind. Both are field studies and they look deep into the social phenomena and try to give explanations as to why and how certain things happen. The key differences between the two disciplines are outlined below. archaeologists concentrate on the physical artifacts, while anthropologists concentrate on early societies and how they changed over time. Archaeology is, broadly speaking, the study of the human past. So it is basically studying about prehistoric lifestyles. That means anthropologists are not just interested only in man, but they study the geographical area, the culture, organization of family, etc. This field of study deals with all varieties of man in past and present. Ethnography, on the other hand, is another kind of study of human beings, but this field specially deals with different cultures and tries to understand the diverse patterns of behavior around the globe. They will ask questions about rituals and everyday life. Anthropology has been divided into main four sub-disciplines, namely, socio-cultural anthropology, biological/physical anthropology, archaeology and linguistics. The people that they study are long gone from the place where the archaeologist works. Out of these four disciplines, socio-cultural anthropology and archaeology are practically identical in their purposes. Processual Archaeology is the study of process, that is to say, investigations of the way humans do things, and the way things decay. It is considered to be a subfield of anthropology. The research methods physical and cultural anthropologists employ help define the differences between the two specialties. What is the difference between Anthropology and Ethnography? 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