What is Svalbard Global Seed Vault? Global Seed Vault Facts Svalbard Global Seed Vault was established to preserve a wide variety of plant seeds in an underground cavern. In fact, with the Global Seed Vault maintaining an optimal temperature of -18ºC, experts believe the seeds could survive for thousands of years in the vault. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault first opened its doors in February 2008, as a backup facility for the world’s seed banks. Comment. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is located on an Arctic island. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/02/after-4-years-checking-up-on-the-svalbard-global-seed-vault/253458/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svalbard_Global_Seed_Vault, https://www.croptrust.org/what-we-do/svalbard-global-seed-vault/, http://www.wired.com/2015/09/arctic-seed-vault-isnt-just-doomsday/. Most posts contain affiliate links. Kaum jemand hat die Möglichkeit, das berühmte Svalbard Global Seed Vault von innen zu sehen. Crops such as coffee, cocoa, coconuts and mango have so-called recalcitrant seeds which would die under these conditions. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a facility that stores seed samples in a secure vault in a mountain not far from the town of Longyearbyen on Spitsbergen, a remote northern island of Europe’s Norway. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault. Many see the vault as a resource for a “doomsday” scenario brought on by severe climate change or other ecological disaster. Your email address will not be published. It is built inside of a sandstone mountain on Spitsbergen island, which was chosen for a few reasons. This doomsday vault is meant to protect species of important agricultural seeds from almost every country in the world, in the case of widespread disaster. The Seed Vault is owned and administered by the Ministry of Agriculture and Food on behalf of the Kingdom of Norway and is established as a service to the world community. A photograph taken on February 29, 2016 of the entrance to the Svalbard Global Seed Vault (SGSV), on the island of Spitsbergen, Norway. Currently over a million seeds – each sealed individually in a heatproof packet – are sitting there in a permafrost space. Here’s why. Completed in early 2008, the vault stores seeds in a controlled environment and has the potential to house some 4.5 million seed samples. PUBLISHED July 5, 2012 The vault has a particular focus on food crops, so 69% of the seeds are grains (rice the biggest at 85 million) and 9% legumes. The seed vault situated in Norway aims to sustain life and agriculture in case doomsday strikes. In addition to a few thousand polar bears, the islands are home to Svalbard Global Seed Vault. The vault was founded in 2008 as a collaboration between the Norwegian government (Svalbard is technically part of Norway) and the Crop Trust, an international nonprofit which aims to preserve biodiversity to protect global food security. Share this fact: Leave a Comment Cancel reply. These are seeds that can be dried to very low moisture contents and that will stay viable for many years at low temperatures. Norway does not own the seed contents of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, as it works much like a bank safety deposit box, in that whoever deposits the seeds, owns the seeds. Click the column titles to sort the order of the list. Svalbard has fascinated travelers for a long time. In general, each bag consists of the same species of seeds, because having a large number of each seed ensures that each species has enough genetic diversity stored that the seeds could reliably revive the species’ population. It is considered as a safety deposit box for other seed banks in the world. Click here to read it. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Although there are 1,700 gene banks scattered across the world in various countries, the seeds of crop plants stored in these gene banks are quite susceptible to war, natural catastrophes, poor financial management, and/or political instability. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is like the ultimate back up for the world’s citizens in times of a major global crisis. Set in the permafrost and thick rock 100 meters below the surface, the Vault is an important insurance policy for the world’s food supply. Your email address will not be published. Record temperatures in the Arctic in 2017 led to some portions of the permafrost on the island melting, and the resulting water actually partially flooded the vault. Svalbard is found north of mainland Europe, halfway between continental Norway and the North Pole, according to the Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food. Greene has worked within the USDA genebank system since 1992. Facts about Svalbard Seed Vault. Three organisations manage the Svalbard Global Seed Vault – the Norwegian Government, the Global Crop Diversity Trust and NordGen (Nordic Genetic Resource Center). The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is carved into a hillside above Longyearbyen airport, 130 meters above sea level. tigers tongue wtf fun facts. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Seed Vault offers long-term protection for one of the most important natural resources on earth. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault was constructed under the initiative of American Carly Fowler, an agriculturalist, in conjunction with the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. What groups are involved in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault? The Seed Vault represents the world’s largest collection of crop diversity. What Is The Purpose Of The Svalbard Global Seed Vault. If all of this has piqued your interest in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, … Svalbard Global Seed Vault. The vault has a particular focus on food crops, so 69% of the seeds are grains (rice the biggest at 85 million) and 9% legumes. The Global Seed Vault is a must-see sight when you visit Svalbard. Read more about this in the. The Cherokee Nation has become the first North American indigenous group to store seeds in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, nestled in Norway's far, far northern region. June 4, 2019 March 27, 2016. The Svalbard global seed vault must be strengthened. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a backup of sorts for a wide variety of plant seeds in the event of a global crisis. In dem Global Seed Vault befinden sich … There is many interesting aspects to Svalbard, but one of the more fascinating things is the presence of a Global Seed Vault. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a secure seed bank on Spitsbergen, a Norwegian island of the Arctic Svalbard archipelago. Svalbard Global Seed Vault’s collection is chiefly composed of seeds from developing countries. 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